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Article

How Does High-Speed Rail Affect Tourism? A Case Study of the Capital Region of China

1
Department of Tourism Management, School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
2
Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, 80125 Naples, Italy
3
Special Projects, The Alan Turing Institute, London NW1 2DB, UK
4
The Ada Lovelace Institute, Nuffield Foundation, London WC1B 3JS, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(2), 472; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020472
Received: 17 December 2018 / Revised: 8 January 2019 / Accepted: 10 January 2019 / Published: 17 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Speed Rail and Tourism)
The objective of this study is to analyze the tourism spatial interaction that defines two scenarios, i.e., the actual one with the current high-speed rail (HSR) network, and the future one with an extension of the HSR network, considering as a case study the Capital region of China. The impact of HSR on the spatial distribution characteristics is investigated. The main outcome of this study is that the extension of the HSR network in the future scenario will significantly increase the total tourism spatial interaction and will reduce the spatial difference. What this paper adds to the current knowledge about HSR and tourism is that smaller cities, such as Tangshan, Zhangjiakou, and Chengde, connected via HSR to core cities will benefit the most from the HSR network’s operation. Those cities should take the HSR network as a development opportunity to enhance their attractiveness and strengthen their marketing to achieve sustainable tourism competitiveness. The study found that effects can also be registered on larger cities, but they are smaller. So, larger cities, such as Beijing and Tianjin, should reassess their attractiveness to the tourist market and take corresponding countermeasures. The findings of this study can be used by tourism management authorities to develop short-term and long-term plans. View Full-Text
Keywords: High-Speed Rail; tourism spatial interaction; Capital Area of China; spatial difference High-Speed Rail; tourism spatial interaction; Capital Area of China; spatial difference
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yin, P.; Pagliara, F.; Wilson, A. How Does High-Speed Rail Affect Tourism? A Case Study of the Capital Region of China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 472. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020472

AMA Style

Yin P, Pagliara F, Wilson A. How Does High-Speed Rail Affect Tourism? A Case Study of the Capital Region of China. Sustainability. 2019; 11(2):472. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020472

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yin, Ping, Francesca Pagliara, and Alan Wilson. 2019. "How Does High-Speed Rail Affect Tourism? A Case Study of the Capital Region of China" Sustainability 11, no. 2: 472. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020472

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