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Sustainability 2019, 11(2), 379; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020379

Institutional Feasibility of Managed Aquifer Recharge in Northeast Ghana

Department of Hydrosciences, TU Dresden, 01069 Dresden, Germany
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Received: 4 December 2018 / Revised: 8 January 2019 / Accepted: 9 January 2019 / Published: 13 January 2019
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Abstract

As part of global efforts to address the challenges that are confronting groundwater for various purposes (including irrigation), engineering methods such as Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) have been adopted. This wave of MAR has engulfed some parts of Northern Ghana, characterized by insufficient groundwater for dry-season irrigation. Inspired by the strides of these schemes, the paper assesses the institutional feasibility of MAR methods in the Atankwidi catchment where dry-season farmers may lose their source of livelihood due to limited access to groundwater. We used both primary and secondary data, together with policy documents, to address the following questions: (i) What provisions and impacts formal government institutions had for MAR, and; (ii) what catchment-level institutions exist which may influence MAR. The results show that formal government institutions do not prohibit the adoption of MAR in the country. Among these institutions, it is realized that laws/legislative instruments provide sufficient information and support for MAR than policies and administrative agencies. Moreover, catchment-level institutions which are informal in the form of taboos, rules, norms, traditions, and practices, together with local knowledge play a significant role as far as groundwater issues in the catchment are concerned, and are important for the adoption of MAR methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: Managed Aquifer; Recharge; Groundwater; Institutions; Ghana Managed Aquifer; Recharge; Groundwater; Institutions; Ghana
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Kwoyiga, L.; Stefan, C. Institutional Feasibility of Managed Aquifer Recharge in Northeast Ghana. Sustainability 2019, 11, 379.

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