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Open AccessArticle

On the Relationship between Pro-Environmental Behavior, Experienced Monetary Costs, and Psychological Gains

1
Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, University West, 461 86 Trollhättan, Sweden
2
Department of Technology Management and Economics, Division of Environmental Systems Analysis, Chalmers University of Technology, 412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden
3
Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, 413 14 Gothenburg, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(19), 5467; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195467
Received: 20 June 2019 / Revised: 28 August 2019 / Accepted: 26 September 2019 / Published: 2 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psychology of Sustainability and Sustainable Development)
Drawing on the emerging scarcity, abundance, and sufficiency (SAS) framework, this study explores how various consumer behaviors with potential environmental impacts relate to subjective evaluations of psychological resources such as economic resources, time, social networks, and emotional support. Assuming that individuals may “trade” the costs and efforts of green consumption, including the buying of eco-labeled goods, altered eating habits, and choice of transportation mode, against such psychological resources, we investigate the relationships between green consumer choices and resource evaluations using hierarchical regression analysis of data from an online panel survey. The results suggest that green consumer behaviors are positively related to subjectively evaluated resources such as feelings of economic sufficiency and other, more “relational” resources, including social networks and emotional support. Performing such behaviors may therefore lead to psychological gains. These findings do paint a rather positive picture of environmental behaviors, since they may thus be viewed as having a personal positive trade-off. Although directional effects cannot be firmly established, our study suggests that pro-environmental behavior may increase wellbeing and experienced prosperity. Future studies should further investigate these causalities and implications of these suggested relationships. View Full-Text
Keywords: subjective resources; scarcity; abundance; sufficiency; pro-environmental behavior; psychological gains; trade-offs; SAS framework; subjective well-being subjective resources; scarcity; abundance; sufficiency; pro-environmental behavior; psychological gains; trade-offs; SAS framework; subjective well-being
MDPI and ACS Style

Zannakis, M.; Molander, S.; Johansson, L.-O. On the Relationship between Pro-Environmental Behavior, Experienced Monetary Costs, and Psychological Gains. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5467.

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