Next Article in Journal
Investigating Dominant Trip Distance for Intercity Passenger Transport Mode Using Large-Scale Location-Based Service Data
Next Article in Special Issue
Factors Influencing Consumers’ Decision to Purchase Food in Environmentally Friendly Packaging: What Do We Know and Where Do We Go from Here?
Previous Article in Journal
Factors Affecting the Business Model Innovation Employed by Small and Micro Travel Agencies in the Internet+ Era
Open AccessArticle

A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Meat Trays Made of Various Packaging Materials

Fraunhofer Institute for Environmental, Safety, and Energy Technology UMSICHT, Osterfelder Strasse 3, 46047 Oberhausen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(19), 5324; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195324
Received: 22 August 2019 / Revised: 19 September 2019 / Accepted: 24 September 2019 / Published: 26 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Packaging During Product Purchase and Recycling)
In light of the debate on the circular economy, the EU strategy for plastics, and several national regulations, such as the German Packaging Act, polymeric foam materials as well as hybrid packaging (multilayered plastic) are now in focus. To understand the environmental impacts of various tray solutions for meat packaging, a comparative environmental assessment was conducted. As an environmental assessment method, a life cycle assessment (LCA) was applied following the ISO standards 14040/44. The nine packaging solutions investigated were: PS-based trays (extruded polystyrene and extruded polystyrene with five-layered structure containing ethylene vinyl alcohol), PET-based trays (recycled polyethylene terephthalate, with and without polyethylene layer, and amorphous polyethylene terephthalate), polypropylene (PP) and polylactic acid (PLA). The scope of the LCA study included the production of the tray and the end-of-life stage. The production of meat, the filling of the tray with meat and the tray sealing were not taken into account. The results show that the PS-based trays, especially the mono material solutions made of extruded polystyrene (XPS), show the lowest environmental impact across all 12 impact categories except for resource depletion. Multilayer products exhibit higher environmental impacts. The LCA also shows that the end-of-life stage has an important influence on the environmental performance of trays. However, the production of the trays dominates the overall results. Furthermore, the sensitivity analysis illustrates that, even if higher recycling rates were realised in the future, XPS based solutions would still outperform the rest from an environmental perspective. View Full-Text
Keywords: life cycle assessment (LCA); food packaging tray; meat tray; multilayered plastics; foamed plastics; absorption pads; recycling; circular economy life cycle assessment (LCA); food packaging tray; meat tray; multilayered plastics; foamed plastics; absorption pads; recycling; circular economy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Maga, D.; Hiebel, M.; Aryan, V. A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Meat Trays Made of Various Packaging Materials. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5324. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195324

AMA Style

Maga D, Hiebel M, Aryan V. A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Meat Trays Made of Various Packaging Materials. Sustainability. 2019; 11(19):5324. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195324

Chicago/Turabian Style

Maga, Daniel; Hiebel, Markus; Aryan, Venkat. 2019. "A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Meat Trays Made of Various Packaging Materials" Sustainability 11, no. 19: 5324. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195324

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop