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A Model-Based Estimation of Resource Use Efficiencies in Maize Production in Nigeria

Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation, University of Bonn, Katzenburgweg 5, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
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Sustainability 2019, 11(18), 5114; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11185114
Received: 12 July 2019 / Revised: 31 August 2019 / Accepted: 17 September 2019 / Published: 18 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
Food security is an increasingly serious problem worldwide, and especially in sub-Saharan Africa. As land and resources are limited and environmental problems caused by agriculture are worsening, more efficient ways to use the resources available must be found. The objective of this study was to display the spatial variability in crop yield and resource use efficiencies across Nigeria and to give recommendations for improvement. Based on simulations from the crop model LINTUL5 we analyzed the influence of fertilizer application on the parameters Water Use Efficiency (WUE), Fertilizer Use Efficiency (FUE), and Radiation Use Efficiency (RUE) in maize. High spatial variability was observed, especially between the north and the south of the country. The highest potential for yield improvement was found in the south. While WUE and RUE increased with higher rates of fertilizer application, FUE decreased with higher rates. In order to improve these resource use efficiencies, we suggest optimizing management strategies, demand-oriented fertilizer application, and breeding for efficient traits. View Full-Text
Keywords: crop model; resource use efficiencies; maize production; Nigeria; food security crop model; resource use efficiencies; maize production; Nigeria; food security
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Lopez, G.; Kolem, H.B.; Srivastava, A.K.; Gaiser, T.; Ewert, F. A Model-Based Estimation of Resource Use Efficiencies in Maize Production in Nigeria. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5114.

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