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Open AccessArticle

The Technical Efficiency of French Regional Airports and Low-Cost Carrier Terminals

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Department of Marketing, Logistics and Operations Management, G. Brint Ryan College of Business, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203, USA
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Department of Information Technology and Decision Science, G. Brint Ryan College of Business, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(18), 5107; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11185107
Received: 3 September 2019 / Revised: 13 September 2019 / Accepted: 17 September 2019 / Published: 18 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Toward Sustainability: Airport Risk Assessment)
In France, the regional airport’s demand for services is facing challenges due to the continuous expansion of the high-speed train, high-speed line, and highway networks. This study focuses on the viability of regional airports in France through technical efficiency using data envelopment, principle component analysis, Malmquist productivity index, and regression analysis using bootstrapping. To face the current competitive environment, the regional airports in France adopted strategies, such as the construction of low-cost carrier (LCC)-dedicated terminals (LCCTs) with lower expenses to attract more LCCs, increasing non-aeronautical revenue, and hosting regional hubs of LCCs. This is the first study that analyzes all of the French regional airports. The findings indicate that the existence of LCCTs positively affects technical efficiency on the airport’s performance, and share of LCCs at a regional airport leads to neither the efficiency nor the profit level. View Full-Text
Keywords: French regional airports; technical efficiency; data envelopment and principle component analysis; Malmquist Productivity Index; low-cost carrier terminals; high-speed train French regional airports; technical efficiency; data envelopment and principle component analysis; Malmquist Productivity Index; low-cost carrier terminals; high-speed train
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Hong, S.-J.; Jeon, M. The Technical Efficiency of French Regional Airports and Low-Cost Carrier Terminals. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5107.

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