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Article

Sustainable Tourism and Renewable Energy: Binomial for Local Development in Cocachimba, Amazonas, Peru

1
Departamento de Economía y Empresa, Universidad de Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
2
Grupo de Investigación en Ciencias Aplicadas y Nuevas Tecnologías, Universidad Privada del Norte (UPN), Trujillo 13007, Peru
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(18), 4891; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11184891
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 30 August 2019 / Accepted: 31 August 2019 / Published: 6 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tourism, Economic Growth and Sustainability)
This article addresses the relationship between sustainable tourism and the use of renewable energy sources. To this end, we evaluate the spatial–temporal tourist flow evolution as well as the wind/solar energy potential in Cocachimba, which is located in the Amazonas region of Peru. This is a place that has seen a considerable increase in tourist activity in the past decade. This is a result of its rich flora and fauna, but especially because of the presence of the Gocta waterfall, considered the third highest in the world. Currently, business initiatives associated with a variety of touristic services have been started. However, there is still a lack of infrastructure, which negatively impacts the tourists’ ability to stay overnight. In order to improve the resident-directed services quality and sustainable tourism, we propose the incorporation of sustainable lodging houses that are based, as previously described, on the usage of clean energy sources, which are harmless to the natural environment. To respond effectively to all this, a methodology based on the use of highly reliable sources and databases, statistical analysis, and highly supported physical calculations was used. The study shows that during the peak season there is insufficient lodging. Furthermore, by incorporating sustainable lodging houses, a reduction in fixed costs for the lodging establishments can be reached. We also found that the solar/wind potential possesses the minimal conditions necessary in order to implement heating systems and sustainable electrification based on conventional systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: local development; sustainable innovation; sustainable development; sustainable tourism; tourist economy local development; sustainable innovation; sustainable development; sustainable tourism; tourist economy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Calderón-Vargas, F.; Asmat-Campos, D.; Carretero-Gómez, A. Sustainable Tourism and Renewable Energy: Binomial for Local Development in Cocachimba, Amazonas, Peru. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4891. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11184891

AMA Style

Calderón-Vargas F, Asmat-Campos D, Carretero-Gómez A. Sustainable Tourism and Renewable Energy: Binomial for Local Development in Cocachimba, Amazonas, Peru. Sustainability. 2019; 11(18):4891. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11184891

Chicago/Turabian Style

Calderón-Vargas, Fátima, David Asmat-Campos, and Anselmo Carretero-Gómez. 2019. "Sustainable Tourism and Renewable Energy: Binomial for Local Development in Cocachimba, Amazonas, Peru" Sustainability 11, no. 18: 4891. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11184891

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