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Knowledge-Intensive Entrepreneurship and S3: Conceptualizing Strategies for Sustainability

Department of Economy and Society, University of Gothenburg, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
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Sustainability 2019, 11(18), 4824; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11184824
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 30 August 2019 / Accepted: 1 September 2019 / Published: 4 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Specialization and Sustainability)
Smart specialization strategies represent public policy initiatives to develop regions based on new combinations of knowledge and industries. The aim of this article is to enrich the theory and practice of smart specialization strategies (S3) by integrating the conceptualization of knowledge-intensive entrepreneurship (KIE). We propose that knowledge-intensive entrepreneurship is necessary in order to specify how public and private support of KIE firms can be beneficial to develop new knowledge relevant to the fulfillment of specific sustainable development goals. We did so by further developing a conceptual model of innovation governance routines by integrating sustainability goals. We also illustrated our conceptual model through two case studies from the Swedish maritime cluster. By extrapolating from the combination of the conceptual model and two case studies, we make three propositions about the different strategic roles that KIE firms can play within a broader S3 policy setting, and in such a way as to promote sustainability-related outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: entrepreneurship; innovation; knowledge-intensive sectors; smart specialization; sustainable development goals entrepreneurship; innovation; knowledge-intensive sectors; smart specialization; sustainable development goals
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Gifford, E.; McKelvey, M. Knowledge-Intensive Entrepreneurship and S3: Conceptualizing Strategies for Sustainability. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4824.

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