Next Article in Journal
Value Retention Options in Circular Economy: Issues and Challenges of LED Lamp Preprocessing
Previous Article in Journal
Government Intervention and Automobile Industry Structure: Theory and Evidence from China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Success Factors of National-Scale Forest Restorations in South Korea, Vietnam, and China
Open AccessReview

Life Cycle Assessment of Forest-Based Products: A Review

Forest Products Laboratory, United States Forest Service, One Gifford Pinchot Drive, Madison, WI 53726, USA
Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(17), 4722;
Received: 13 July 2019 / Revised: 24 August 2019 / Accepted: 26 August 2019 / Published: 29 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Forest Management)
Climate change, environmental degradation, and limited resources are motivations for sustainable forest management. Forests, the most abundant renewable resource on earth, used to make a wide variety of forest-based products for human consumption. To provide a scientific measure of a product’s sustainability and environmental performance, the life cycle assessment (LCA) method is used. This article provides a comprehensive review of environmental performances of forest-based products including traditional building products, emerging (mass-timber) building products and nanomaterials using attributional LCA. Across the supply chain, the product manufacturing life-cycle stage tends to have the largest environmental impacts. However, forest management activities and logistics tend to have the greatest economic impact. In addition, environmental trade-offs exist when regulating emissions as indicated by the latest traditional wood building product LCAs. Interpretation of these LCA results can guide new product development using biomaterials, future (mass) building systems and policy-making on mitigating climate change. Key challenges include handling of uncertainties in the supply chain and complex interactions of environment, material conversion, resource use for product production and quantifying the emissions released. View Full-Text
Keywords: life cycle assessment; lumber; engineered wood products; mass timber; nanocellulose life cycle assessment; lumber; engineered wood products; mass timber; nanocellulose
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Sahoo, K.; Bergman, R.; Alanya-Rosenbaum, S.; Gu, H.; Liang, S. Life Cycle Assessment of Forest-Based Products: A Review. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4722.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop