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Sustainable Development of Resources and the Environment: Mining-Induced Eco-Geological Environmental Damage and Mitigation Measures—A Case Study in the Henan Coal Mining Area, China

1,2, 1,2, 1,2,*, 1,2,* and 1,2
1
School of Energy Science and Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Water Resource Protection and Utilization in Coal Mining, Beijing 100000, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(16), 4366; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164366
Received: 21 June 2019 / Revised: 7 August 2019 / Accepted: 9 August 2019 / Published: 12 August 2019
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PDF [7225 KB, uploaded 20 August 2019]
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Abstract

Coal is an important resource that has supported China’s economic development. This situation is expected to continue in the immediate future. However, coal mining has also led to serious environmental disasters in some mining areas. Henan Province is one of the 14 large-scale coal bases that are planned by the Chinese state. It is located in the transitional zone between the second and third terrain ladders of China and spans two tectonic units. The geological features and ecological environmental characteristics display wide spatial variations throughout this district, which is an ecologically fragile region of stepped transition type. However, large-scale, extremely intense coal mining activities will inevitably lead to further deterioration of the already fragile ecological and geological (eco-geological) environment, which makes recovery increasingly difficult. Based on the condition of the eco-geological environment and the coal mining industry in the Henan mining area, the mechanisms by which mining-induced damage can occur were analyzed. The characteristics and status of the destruction of ground structures, land resources, water resources, the atmospheric environment, and natural ecology are discussed in this paper. Appropriate mitigation measures are proposed based on the findings. This mainly includes: management practices to prevent and mitigate damage throughout all stages of mining; adoption of mining techniques that will control damage at the source; and, the adoption of appropriate post-mining recovery technologies. The analysis of mining-induced eco-geological environmental damage and mitigation measures is of importance for the prevention of eco-geological disasters, and the promotion of efficient and environmentally sustainable exploitation of coal resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; resources and environment; coal mining; eco-geological environment; mining-induced damage; mitigation measures sustainable development; resources and environment; coal mining; eco-geological environment; mining-induced damage; mitigation measures
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Guo, W.; Guo, M.; Tan, Y.; Bai, E.; Zhao, G. Sustainable Development of Resources and the Environment: Mining-Induced Eco-Geological Environmental Damage and Mitigation Measures—A Case Study in the Henan Coal Mining Area, China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4366.

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