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Perspective

China’s South-to-North Water Diversion Project Empowers Sustainable Water Resources System in the North

1
Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2
Water, Environment and Agriculture Program (WEAP), Department of Infrastructure Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
3
State Key Lab of Hydro-science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
4
State Key Lab of Plateau Ecology and Agriculture, Qinghai University, Xining 810016, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(13), 3735; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133735
Received: 10 May 2019 / Revised: 14 June 2019 / Accepted: 3 July 2019 / Published: 9 July 2019
Global freshwaters are severely depleted. Provision of improved water infrastructure technologies and innovation can address challenges posed by water shortages to environmental sustainability. China’s South-to-North Water Diversion Project has generated extensive debates over sustainability of water resources system in the northern drier region, which faces severe water scarcity hindering ecosystems, agriculture, industries and livelihoods. Some arguments extend the views that large infrastructure projects can have negative implications for biodiversity conservation and ecosystem goods and services. However, this study strengthens the opposite view, as such projects would resolve increasing environmental challenges northern China has been facing over many decades due to severe water shortages. The project empowers connectivity among individuals, community, and organizations that the sustainability of goods and services such as energy, irrigation and water supply are perceived, and livelihoods and the standard of peoples’ living is improved. A resilient, robust and adaptive water infrastructure framework can overcome the challenges of water shortages by meeting a long term social, economic and environmental goals for water resources systems in northern China. Such framework can also identify the thresholds of change and the threats associated with environmental sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: South-to-North Water Diversion Project; northern China; sustainable water resources system; thresholds South-to-North Water Diversion Project; northern China; sustainable water resources system; thresholds
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kattel, G.R.; Shang, W.; Wang, Z.; Langford, J. China’s South-to-North Water Diversion Project Empowers Sustainable Water Resources System in the North. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3735. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133735

AMA Style

Kattel GR, Shang W, Wang Z, Langford J. China’s South-to-North Water Diversion Project Empowers Sustainable Water Resources System in the North. Sustainability. 2019; 11(13):3735. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133735

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kattel, Giri R., Wenxiu Shang, Zhongjing Wang, and John Langford. 2019. "China’s South-to-North Water Diversion Project Empowers Sustainable Water Resources System in the North" Sustainability 11, no. 13: 3735. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133735

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