Next Article in Journal
An Integrated Multi-Attribute Model for Evaluation of Sustainable Mobile Phone
Previous Article in Journal
Loyalty Model Proposal of Travel Agency Customers
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Generation: A Lifeline for the European Coal Regions in Transition

European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Via E. Fermi 2749, I-21027 Ispra (VA), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The scientific output expressed is based on the current information available to the authors, and does not imply a policy position of the European Commission.
Sustainability 2019, 11(13), 3703; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133703
Received: 21 May 2019 / Revised: 19 June 2019 / Accepted: 2 July 2019 / Published: 5 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
  |  
PDF [4507 KB, uploaded 5 July 2019]
  |  

Abstract

The use of coal for electricity generation is the main emitter of Greenhous Gas Emissions worldwide. According to the International Energy Agency, these emissions have to be reduced by more than 70% by 2040 to stay on track for the 1.5–2 °C scenario suggested by the Paris Agreement. To ensure a socially fair transition towards the phase-out of coal, the European Commission introduced the Coal Regions in Transition initiative in late 2017. The present paper analyses to what extent the use of photovoltaic electricity generation systems can help with this transition in the coal regions of the European Union (EU). A spatially explicit methodology was developed to assess the solar photovoltaic (PV) potential in selected regions where open-cast coal mines are planned to cease operation in the near future. Different types of solar PV systems were considered including ground-mounted systems developed either on mining land or its surroundings. Furthermore, the installation of rooftop solar PV systems on the existing building stock was also analysed. The obtained results show that the available area in those regions is abundant and that solar PV systems could fully substitute the current electricity generation of coal-fired power plants in the analysed regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: solar photovoltaics; PV potential; coal power plant; Paris Agreement solar photovoltaics; PV potential; coal power plant; Paris Agreement
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bódis, K.; Kougias, I.; Taylor, N.; Jäger-Waldau, A. Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Generation: A Lifeline for the European Coal Regions in Transition. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3703.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top