Next Article in Journal
A Study on the Relationship between Analysts’ Cash Flow Forecasts Issuance and Accounting Information: Evidence from Korea
Next Article in Special Issue
Understanding Food Literacy in Urban Gardeners: A Case Study of the Twin Cities, Minnesota
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluation of Watershed Scale Aquatic Ecosystem Health by SWAT Modeling and Random Forest Technique
Open AccessArticle

Mother-Related Determinants of Children At-Home Fruit and Vegetable Dietary Patterns in a Polish National Sample

1
Department of Dietetics, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (SGGW-WULS), 159C Nowoursynowska Street, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
2
Department of Organization and Consumption Economics, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (SGGW-WULS), 159C Nowoursynowska Street, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(12), 3398; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123398
Received: 30 May 2019 / Revised: 11 June 2019 / Accepted: 17 June 2019 / Published: 20 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food, Sustainability and Public Health)
Fruit and vegetable intake is indicated among the features of sustainable diets, while children’s intake is strongly associated with the intake of their parents, as well as the availability of food products and their accessibility at home. The aim of the study was to analyze the mother-related determinants of children at-home fruit and vegetable dietary patterns in a Polish national sample of children aged 3–10 years. The random quota sampling (with quotas for age, education, and place of residence) was conducted to recruit the national representative sample of Polish mothers of children aged 3–10 years (n = 1200) who were interviewed using a Computer-Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI) method. They were asked about their children’s at-home fruit and vegetable dietary patterns, which were later compared in sub-groups that were stratified for age, educational background, marital status, place of residence, occupational status, and total net income in households. The indicated features, but not marital status, were indicated as determinants of children at-home fruit and vegetable dietary patterns. Children of younger mothers more often than others consumed fruits, whereas those of older mothers consumed vegetables. Children of mothers who had a lower level of education more commonly than others consumed fruits alone as a dish, and they had a higher preference for them, while those of mothers who had a higher level of education had a higher consumption of vegetables than others, although they had a medium preference for them. Children of mothers from villages had a lower consumption of vegetables and fruits than others, although they had a higher preference for fruits. Children of mothers with no professional job had a lower consumption of vegetables than others and more often consumed them processed, although they had a higher preference for fruits and vegetables. Children of mothers with low income had a lower consumption of vegetables than others and more often consumed fruits in a dish with other products, although they had a higher preference for fruits and vegetables. To summarize, an indication of a high preference for fruits and vegetables by mothers is not accompanied by the higher consumption and recommended dietary patterns for fruit and vegetable intake by their children. In particular, the sub-samples of mothers who had a low level of education, were from villages, did not have a professional job, and had low income may either overestimate the fruit and vegetable preference of their children or do not offer them sufficient amount of fruits and vegetables, although they indicate a higher preference. In order to encourage more sustainable diet following, in terms of the fruit and vegetable intake, it is essential to introduce actions toward the properly planned nutritional education for the indicated target groups. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; mothers; fruit intake; vegetable intake; consumption behaviors; dietary patterns; choice; preferences; determinants; social factors children; mothers; fruit intake; vegetable intake; consumption behaviors; dietary patterns; choice; preferences; determinants; social factors
MDPI and ACS Style

Groele, B.; Głąbska, D.; Gutkowska, K.; Guzek, D. Mother-Related Determinants of Children At-Home Fruit and Vegetable Dietary Patterns in a Polish National Sample. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3398. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123398

AMA Style

Groele B, Głąbska D, Gutkowska K, Guzek D. Mother-Related Determinants of Children At-Home Fruit and Vegetable Dietary Patterns in a Polish National Sample. Sustainability. 2019; 11(12):3398. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123398

Chicago/Turabian Style

Groele, Barbara; Głąbska, Dominika; Gutkowska, Krystyna; Guzek, Dominika. 2019. "Mother-Related Determinants of Children At-Home Fruit and Vegetable Dietary Patterns in a Polish National Sample" Sustainability 11, no. 12: 3398. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123398

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop