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Circular Innovation Framework: Verifying Conceptual to Practical Decisions in Sustainability-Oriented Product-Service System Cases

Production Engineering Department, São Carlos School of Engineering, University of São Paulo, Avenida Trabalhador Sãocarlense 400, São Carlos, SP 13566-590, Brazil
Insper Institute of Education and Research, Rua Quatá 300, Vila Olímpia, São Paulo, SP 04546-042, Brazil
Industrial Engineering Department, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Avenida Osvaldo Aranha 99, Porto Alegre, RS 90035-190, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(12), 3248;
Received: 23 May 2019 / Revised: 4 June 2019 / Accepted: 6 June 2019 / Published: 12 June 2019
PDF [2181 KB, uploaded 12 June 2019]


Product–service systems (PSSs) have significant sustainability potential. However, limited knowledge is available on the choices to develop circular PSS solutions. The goal of this paper is to provide a circular innovation framework containing circular strategies to facilitate the decision-making in PSS circular innovation. A systematic literature review in combination with content analysis underpinned this research. The strategies were investigated in 45 PSS cases from the literature. A coding system was designed and employed to identify and organize the circular strategies and practices. The statistics techniques employed were frequency and co-occurrence analysis, which aimed to describe the synergies among strategies. The framework proposed contains twenty-one circular strategies. The practical perspective comprises the seventy-seven practices used for the operationalization of strategies. The framework can assist organizations in making strategic to tactical decisions when developing circular PSS solutions. The paper provides a panorama of the strategy applications among the PSS types. Finally, the research approach can be employed to continuously develop an understanding of the application of circular strategies in PSS and other fields. View Full-Text
Keywords: circular economy; business model innovation; product–service systems circular economy; business model innovation; product–service systems

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Guzzo, D.; Trevisan, A.H.; Echeveste, M.; Costa, J.M.H. Circular Innovation Framework: Verifying Conceptual to Practical Decisions in Sustainability-Oriented Product-Service System Cases. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3248.

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