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Open AccessArticle

Indicator-Based Sustainability Assessment Tool to Support Coastal and Marine Management

1
Marine Research Institute, Klaipeda University, LT-92294 Klaipeda, Lithuania
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Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde (IOW), D-18119 Rostock, Germany
3
DTU-Aqua, Technical University of Denmark, National Institute of Aquatic Resources, 2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(11), 3175; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11113175
Received: 12 April 2019 / Revised: 13 May 2019 / Accepted: 27 May 2019 / Published: 5 June 2019
The applied Indicator-based Sustainability Assessment Tool (InSAT) serves as a user-friendly computer-aided tool to support coastal and marine management. Focus is on sustainable coastal development, including environmental, social, and economic aspects. We apply the InSAT to assess the changes in sustainability before, during, and after the implementation of management measures. The assessments address three case studies in Lithuania: the construction of a liquefied natural gas terminal in Klaipeda, the renewal of the port of Sventoji, and the opening of a beach in Nida. The application of core and optional indicators highlights the strengths and weaknesses of the management measures. We analyze to what extent, how, and when the InSAT can be applied within a stepwise Systems Approach Framework (SAF) to support sustainable coastal and marine management. Further, we assess how the tool can be applied within other integrated approaches. The application of tailor-made indicators helps to identify potential conflicts and raise discussions about sustainable development between stakeholders and decision-makers and therefore supports the decision-making process. The tool indicates the management measures’ weaknesses, but the assessment results do not indicate what kind of solutions should be undertaken. However, it can still serve to support, guide, and supplement the participation and discussion processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: integrated coastal zone management; systems approach framework; sustainable development; decision support tool; public participation; stakeholder integrated coastal zone management; systems approach framework; sustainable development; decision support tool; public participation; stakeholder
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Karnauskaitė, D.; Schernewski, G.; Støttrup, J.G.; Kataržytė, M. Indicator-Based Sustainability Assessment Tool to Support Coastal and Marine Management. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3175.

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