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Analysis of the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence, Resilience, and Family Functioning in Adolescents’ Sustainable Use of Alcohol and Tobacco

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Department of Psychology, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
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Department of Psychology, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Región Metropolitana, Providencia 7500000, Chile
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(10), 2954; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102954
Received: 19 April 2019 / Revised: 20 May 2019 / Accepted: 21 May 2019 / Published: 24 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Education and Approaches)
The use of alcohol and tobacco is related to several variables, which act as risk or protective factors depending on the circumstances. The objectives of this study were to analyze the relationship between emotional intelligence, resilience, and family functioning in adolescent use of alcohol and tobacco, and to find emotional profiles for their use with regard to self-concept. The sample was made up of 317 high school students aged 13 to 18, who filled out the Brief Emotional Intelligence Inventory, the Resilience Scale for Adolescents, the APGAR Scale, the Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire–Adolescents, and the Five-Factor Self-Concept Questionnaire. The results revealed that emotional intelligence and resilience, specifically stress management and family cohesion, were significant in the group of non-users. Family functioning acts as a predictor for the onset of use of tobacco and alcohol. Positive expectancies about drinking alcohol were found to be a risk factor, and the intrapersonal factor was found to be protective. Both stress management and family cohesion were protective factors against smoking. Furthermore, cluster analysis revealed the emotional profiles for users of both substances based on self-concept. Finally, the importance of the direction of the relationship between the variables studied for intervention in this problem should be mentioned. Responsible use by improving adolescent decision-making is one of the results expected from this type of intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: substance use; emotional intelligence; resilience; family functioning; adolescents substance use; emotional intelligence; resilience; family functioning; adolescents
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Molero Jurado, M.M.; Pérez-Fuentes, M.C.; Barragán Martín, A.B.; del Pino Salvador, R.M.; Gázquez Linares, J.J. Analysis of the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence, Resilience, and Family Functioning in Adolescents’ Sustainable Use of Alcohol and Tobacco. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2954.

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