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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3267;

Locating Multiple Size and Multiple Type of Charging Station for Battery Electricity Vehicles

MOE Key Laboratory for Urban Transportation Complex System Theory and Technology, School of Traffic and Transportation, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
Computing Center, Beijing Information Science & Technology University, Beijing 100192, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 August 2018 / Revised: 4 September 2018 / Accepted: 6 September 2018 / Published: 13 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
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As environmental and energy issues have attracted more and more attention from the public, research on electric vehicles has become extensive and in-depth. As driving range limit is one of the key factors restricting the development of electric vehicles, the energy supply of electric vehicles mainly relies on the building of charging stations, battery swapping stations, and wireless charging lanes. Actually, the latter two kinds of infrastructure are seldom employed due to their immature technology, relatively large construction costs, and difficulty in standardization. Currently, charging stations are widely used since, in the real world, there are different types of charging station with various levels which could be suitable for the needs of network users. In the past, the study of the location charging stations for battery electric vehicles did not take the different sizes and different types into consideration. In fact, it is of great significance to set charging stations with multiple sizes and multiple types to meet the needs of network users. In the paper, we define the model as a location problem in a capacitated network with an agent technique using multiple sizes and multiple types and formulate the model as a 0–1 mixed integer linear program (MILP) to minimize the total trip travel time of all agents. Finally, we demonstrate the model through numerical examples on two networks and make sensitivity analyses on total budget, initial quantity, and the anxious range of agents accordingly. The results show that as the initial charge increases or the budget increases, travel time for all agents can be reduced; a reduction in range anxiety can increase travel time for all agents. View Full-Text
Keywords: battery electric vehicles; charging station; location; multiple size; multiple type battery electric vehicles; charging station; location; multiple size; multiple type

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Cui, S.; Zhao, H.; Wen, H.; Zhang, C. Locating Multiple Size and Multiple Type of Charging Station for Battery Electricity Vehicles. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3267.

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