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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3151;

Foreign Monitoring and Audit Quality: Evidence from Korea

College of Business Administration, Dongguk University-Seoul, 30, Pildong-ro 1gil, Jung-gu, Seoul 04620, Korea
School of Business, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea
College of Business Administration, Keimyung University, 1095 Dalgubeol-daero, Dalseo-Gu, Daegu 42601, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 August 2018 / Revised: 30 August 2018 / Accepted: 31 August 2018 / Published: 4 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Asian Emerging Markets)
Full-Text   |   PDF [261 KB, uploaded 4 September 2018]


This study investigates the effects of both foreign majority shareholders and foreign investors’ participation in the board of directors on audit quality, as reflected by auditor size and audit fees. In addition, the study examines the moderating effect of an agency problem on the relationship between foreign investors and the monitoring of audit quality. Using 1574 non-financial firm-year observations listed on the Korea Stock Exchange from 2000 to 2003, we find that the presence of foreign investors such as foreign block shareholders and foreign outside directors increases audit quality. At the same time, the monitoring role of foreign block shareholders is more powerful than that of foreign external directors. Moreover, the foreign block shareholders in professional management-controlled firms exert a more profound influence on audit quality than do those in owner-controlled ones. These test results imply that foreign investors with independence, expertise, and monitoring incentives could play an important role in improving the corporate governance system in Korea, which in turn would not only enhance firm value, but also strengthen the sustainability of Korean companies. View Full-Text
Keywords: foreign block shareholders; foreign external directors; audit quality; auditor size; audit fees; agency problem foreign block shareholders; foreign external directors; audit quality; auditor size; audit fees; agency problem
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Lee, S.C.; Rhee, M.; Yoon, J. Foreign Monitoring and Audit Quality: Evidence from Korea. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3151.

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