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Comparative Modelling and Artificial Neural Network Inspired Prediction of Waste Generation Rates of Hospitality Industry: The Case of North Cyprus

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Faculty of Tourism, Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, TRNC via Mersin 10, Turkey
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Faculty of Tourism, Cyprus Science University, Girne, TRNC via Mersin 10, Turkey
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Faculty of Engineering, Cyprus Science University, Girne, TRNC via Mersin 10, Turkey
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 2965; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10092965
Received: 10 July 2018 / Revised: 5 August 2018 / Accepted: 7 August 2018 / Published: 21 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Sustainability and Applications)
This study was undertaken to forecast the waste generation rates of the accommodation sector in North Cyprus. Three predictor models, multiple linear regression (MLR), artificial neural networks (ANNs) and central composite design (CCD), were applied to predict the waste generation rate during the lean and peak seasons. ANN showed highest prediction performance, specifically, lowest values of the standard error of prediction (SEP = 2.153), mean absolute error (MAE = 1.378) and highest R2 value (0.998) confirmed the accuracy of the model. The analysed waste was categorised into recyclable, general waste and food residue. The authors estimated the total waste generated during the lean season at 2010.5 kg/day, in which large hotels accounted for the largest fraction (66.7%), followed by medium-sized hotels (19.4%) and guesthouses (2.6%). During the peak season, about 49.6% increases in waste generation rates were obtained. Interestingly, 45% of the waste was generated by British tourists, while the least waste was generated by African tourists (7.5%). The ANN predicted that small and large hotels would produce 5.45 and 22.24 tons of waste by the year 2020, respectively. The findings herein are promising and useful in establishing a sustainable waste management system. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban waste; hospitality sector; waste generation rates; artificial neural network prediction; sustainable waste management urban waste; hospitality sector; waste generation rates; artificial neural network prediction; sustainable waste management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Azarmi, S.L.; Oladipo, A.A.; Vaziri, R.; Alipour, H. Comparative Modelling and Artificial Neural Network Inspired Prediction of Waste Generation Rates of Hospitality Industry: The Case of North Cyprus. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2965. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10092965

AMA Style

Azarmi SL, Oladipo AA, Vaziri R, Alipour H. Comparative Modelling and Artificial Neural Network Inspired Prediction of Waste Generation Rates of Hospitality Industry: The Case of North Cyprus. Sustainability. 2018; 10(9):2965. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10092965

Chicago/Turabian Style

Azarmi, Soolmaz L., Akeem A. Oladipo, Roozbeh Vaziri, and Habib Alipour. 2018. "Comparative Modelling and Artificial Neural Network Inspired Prediction of Waste Generation Rates of Hospitality Industry: The Case of North Cyprus" Sustainability 10, no. 9: 2965. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10092965

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