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Open AccessArticle

Evaluating Greenhouse Tomato and Pepper Input Efficiency Use in Kosovo

1
Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
2
Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary, University of Prishtina “Hasan Prishtina”, Boulevard “Bill Clinton”, n.a., 10000 Prishtina, Kosovo
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(8), 2768; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082768
Received: 19 June 2018 / Revised: 23 July 2018 / Accepted: 1 August 2018 / Published: 6 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
Determinants of vegetable production input efficiency affect a Kosovar farmer’s decision to contribute to the agricultural sector. This study evaluates the input efficiency of greenhouse tomato and pepper farms in Kosovo. Using data collected from farm surveys, we conducted an input-oriented data envelopment analysis (DEA) to empirically assess input efficiency. Second, linear regression analysis was used to investigate what farm variables predict greenhouse tomato and pepper technical efficiency (TE). The DEA results indicated that, among the seven regions in Kosovo, Prizren emerged as the most efficient greenhouse tomato-producing region with a mean efficiency of 0.83 (on a scale of 0 to 1.00). Prishtina followed with a mean efficiency of 0.80. In the production of greenhouse peppers, Prishtina was the most efficient region with a mean efficiency of 0.99. Ferizaj followed with a mean efficiency of 0.93. Conclusions about farm characteristics that explain differences in efficiency were sensitive to model specification. Nevertheless, depending on the structural and operational characteristics of the greenhouse tomato and pepper farms, there is an opportunity for the technically inefficient farms and regions to improve their use of inputs. View Full-Text
Keywords: input efficiency use; Kosovar greenhouse vegetable industry; tomatoes; peppers input efficiency use; Kosovar greenhouse vegetable industry; tomatoes; peppers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Frangu, B.; Popp, J.S.; Thomsen, M.; Musliu, A. Evaluating Greenhouse Tomato and Pepper Input Efficiency Use in Kosovo. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2768.

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