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Sustainability 2018, 10(8), 2645;

Towards Risk-Sensitive and Transformative Urban Development in Sub Saharan Africa

Department of Geography, School of Global Affairs, King’s College London, London WC2R 2LS, UK
Department of Geography, University of Ibadan, Ibadan 200284, Oyo State, Nigeria
Human Settlements Research Group, International Institute for Environment and Development, 80-86 Grays Inn Rd, London WC1X 8NH, UK
Département de Géographie et Aménagement de l'Espace, Institut de Recherches en Sciences Humaines, Université Abdou Moumouni de Niamey, BP 10896, Niamey, Niger
Bartlett Development Planning Unit, University College London, 34 Tavistock Square, Bloomsbury, London WC1H 9EZ, UK
Urban and Regional Department, Mzuzu University, Private Bag 2, Luwinga, Mzuzu, Malawi
African Population and Health Research Centre, APHRC Campus, Manga Cl, P.O. Box 10787-00100 Nairobi, Kenya
Department of Sociology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan 200284, Oyo State, Nigeria
Agroéconomiste, Département de Sociologie et Economie Rurales, Faculté d'Agronomie, Université Abdou Moumouni, BP 10960, Niamey, Niger
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 May 2018 / Revised: 4 July 2018 / Accepted: 20 July 2018 / Published: 27 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transforming Development and Disaster Risk)
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Risk-sensitive urban development is required to reduce accumulated risk and to better consider risk when planning new developments. To deliver a sustainable city for all requires a more frank and comprehensive focus on procedure: On who makes decisions, under which frameworks, based upon what kind of data or knowledge, and with what degree and direction of accountability? Acting on these procedural questions is the promise of transformative urban development. This paper explores the status of risk sensitive and transformative urban development and the scope for transition towards these components of sustainability in urban sub-Saharan Africa through the lens of diverse city cases: Karonga (Malawi), Ibadan (Nigeria), Niamey (Niger) and Nairobi (Kenya). The paper draws from a 3-year research and capacity building programme called Urban Africa: Risk Knowledge that aims to address gaps in data, understandings and capacity to break cycles of risk accumulation. A common analytical framework is presented to help identify blockages and opportunities for transition towards a risk-sensitive and transformative urban development. This framework is then illustrated through each city in turn and a concluding discussion reflects on city observations to draw out recommendations for city level and wider action and research partnerships. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk-sensitive development; transition; transformative urban development; sub-Saharan Africa risk-sensitive development; transition; transformative urban development; sub-Saharan Africa

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Leck, H.; Pelling, M.; Adelekan, I.; Dodman, D.; Issaka, H.; Johnson, C.; Manda, M.; Mberu, B.; Nwokocha, E.; Osuteye, E.; Boubacar, S. Towards Risk-Sensitive and Transformative Urban Development in Sub Saharan Africa. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2645.

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