Next Article in Journal
A Spatial-Temporal Approach to Evaluate the Dynamic Evolution of Green Growth in China
Next Article in Special Issue
Quantitative Study on the Evolution Trend and Driving Factors of Typical Rural Spatial Morphology in Southern Jiangsu Province, China
Previous Article in Journal
Trust Repair after Opportunistic Behaviors in the Chinese Construction Projects
Previous Article in Special Issue
Implementation of Observed Sky-View Factor in a Mesoscale Model for Sensitivity Studies of the Urban Meteorology
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(7), 2340;

What Gets Measured, Gets Done: Development of a Circular Economy Measurement Scale for Building Industry

Polytechnic School of Linares, University of Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
Faculty of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Environmental Engineering, University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, 85-796 Bydgoszcz, Poland
Faculty of Business and Management, University of Granada, 18010 Granada, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 June 2018 / Revised: 27 June 2018 / Accepted: 2 July 2018 / Published: 5 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Sustainable Built Environment)
PDF [1576 KB, uploaded 6 July 2018]


The construction industry is among the sectors that need closer attention due to their environmental impact. The Circular Economy (CE) model promotes the transition to more sustainable production models, which are based on careful management of resources and the reduction of negative externalities generated by such businesses. Its application in this industry can foster significant improvements in sustainability. However, the measurement of the degree of implementation of CE is difficult, owing to an absence of psychometrically sound measures. In this paper, the development of the CE scale for the building industry was described, treated as an instrument that allows for a direct measurement of the importance of CE for companies. The processes used to generate items by applying the e-Delphi research technique were explained in the article, and the developed scale was tested and validated through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The final construction is composed of seven different weighted dimensions: four related to Resource Management: 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle), Efficient Management of Energy, Water, and Materials; two dimensions regarding environmental impact: Emissions and Wastes generated; and, one providing indicators of transition to the CE. View Full-Text
Keywords: circular economy; Building sustainability scale; industrial ecology circular economy; Building sustainability scale; industrial ecology

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Nuñez-Cacho, P.; Górecki, J.; Molina-Moreno, V.; Corpas-Iglesias, F.A. What Gets Measured, Gets Done: Development of a Circular Economy Measurement Scale for Building Industry. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2340.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top