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Institutional Perspectives of Climate-Smart Agriculture: A Systematic Literature Review

Ecole de Foresterie et d’Ingénierie du Bois, Université Nationale d’Agriculture du Benin, Kétou BP 43, Benin
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Bamako BP 320, Mali
Institute for Environment and Sanitation Studies, University of Ghana, P.O. Box LG 209, Legon, Accra, Ghana
Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou 01 BP 526, Benin
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), P.O. Box 1269, Kigali, Rwanda
Knowledge, Technology and Innovation Group, Wageningen University and Research, P.O. Box 8130, 6700 EW Wageningen, The Netherlands
CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), ICRISAT, Bamako BP 320, Mali
World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), P.O. Box 30677, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), P.O. Box 30709, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1990;
Received: 22 May 2018 / Revised: 6 June 2018 / Accepted: 8 June 2018 / Published: 13 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Governance for Climate Smart Agriculture)
Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is increasingly seen as a promising approach to feed the growing world population under climate change. The review explored how institutional perspectives are reflected in the CSA literature. In total, 137 publications were analyzed using institutional analysis framework, of which 55.5% make specific reference to institutional dimensions. While the CSA concept encompasses three pillars (productivity, adaptation, and mitigation), the literature has hardly addressed them in an integrated way. The development status of study sites also seems to influence which pillars are promoted. Mitigation was predominantly addressed in high-income countries, while productivity and adaptation were priorities for middle and low-income countries. Interest in institutional aspects has been gradual in the CSA literature. It has largely focused on knowledge infrastructure, market structure, and hard institutional aspects. There has been less attention to understand whether investments in physical infrastructure and actors’ interaction, or how historical, political, and social context may influence the uptake of CSA options. Rethinking the approach to promoting CSA technologies by integrating technology packages and institutional enabling factors can provide potential opportunities for effective scaling of CSA options. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate-smart agriculture; institutions; adaptation; mitigation; systematic review climate-smart agriculture; institutions; adaptation; mitigation; systematic review
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Totin, E.; Segnon, A.C.; Schut, M.; Affognon, H.; Zougmoré, R.B.; Rosenstock, T.; Thornton, P.K. Institutional Perspectives of Climate-Smart Agriculture: A Systematic Literature Review. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1990.

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