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Open AccessArticle

Vulnerability Assessment of Rural Households to Urmia Lake Drying (the Case of Shabestar Region)

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Department of Rural Development Management, Yasouj University, Yasouj 7591874831, Iran
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Department of Engineering Management, University of Antwerp, Prinsstraat 13, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
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Department of Geography, Ghent University, 9000 Gent, Belgium
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Department of Economic and Rural Development, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, University of Liege, B-5030 Gembloux, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1862; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061862
Received: 18 March 2018 / Revised: 25 May 2018 / Accepted: 30 May 2018 / Published: 4 June 2018
One of the most important environmental problems in Iran is the destruction and drying of Urmia Lake (UL). UL is one of the main causes of suitable weather for agricultural boom and tourist attraction and it should be considered that the villagers exposed to UL drying have a strong dependence on vulnerable resources such as water, air, soil and plants for their livelihoods and have low adaptive capacity with this crisis for reasons such as poverty, lack of awareness and lack of infrastructure. This study was designed to evaluate the vulnerability of rural households to UL drying in the Shabestar region. The vulnerability was calculated based on Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) definition and using vulnerability index (VI). Research population included rural households of Shabestar region (N = 19,249) and about 347 households were selected as the research sample using multistage cluster sampling technique. Results showed that the average score of respondents was 0.455 (moderate) in exposure, 0.359 (moderate to low) in sensitivity, 0.404 (moderate to low) in adaptive capacity and finally, the vulnerability index (VI) was 0.470 (range of 0 to 1). 12.8% of households had low, 70.5% had medium and 16.7% had high vulnerability towards UL drying. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk assessment; resilience; vulnerability index; adaptive capacity; rural households risk assessment; resilience; vulnerability index; adaptive capacity; rural households
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MDPI and ACS Style

Maleki, R.; Nooripoor, M.; Azadi, H.; Lebailly, P. Vulnerability Assessment of Rural Households to Urmia Lake Drying (the Case of Shabestar Region). Sustainability 2018, 10, 1862.

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