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Open AccessArticle

Ecological Risk Assessment of the Southern Fujian Golden Triangle in China Based on Regional Transportation Development

by Xinyi Yang 1,2, Lina Tang 1,*, Yuqiu Jia 1,2 and Jiantao Liu 3
1
Key Laboratory of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1861; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061861
Received: 16 April 2018 / Accepted: 30 May 2018 / Published: 4 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
Regional transportation development (RTD) is an important stressor of urban agglomeration ecosystems. Groundwater recharge potential may be adversely affected when natural soil is replaced by impervious materials. To systematically identify the urban agglomeration ecological risk (UAER) of RTD in the southern Fujian Golden Triangle, water regulation was used as an assessment endpoint, and RTD was considered the stressor. We used the Soil Conservation Service Curve Number method (SCS-CN) to analyze the internal relationship between the assessment endpoint and the stressor factors. Then, a multi-level risk characterization method was used to show the evolutionary process of risk, and to provide a scientific basis for the management of UAER. Based on the current RTD plan, the UAER assessment shows that there is a 0.90 probability of that the risk distribution results will occur by 2030. The intensity of stress from arterial roads on the urban agglomeration ecosystem is greater than that of the railway system. By considering the development of the railway system as a factor in the stress of RTD, this study of UAER assessment differs from past studies of urban ecological risk assessment, since the latter considers only highways. We also propose a systematic method of risk assessment simulation-prediction. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban agglomeration; groundwater recharge; ecological risk; regional transportation development urban agglomeration; groundwater recharge; ecological risk; regional transportation development
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Yang, X.; Tang, L.; Jia, Y.; Liu, J. Ecological Risk Assessment of the Southern Fujian Golden Triangle in China Based on Regional Transportation Development. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1861.

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