Next Article in Journal
Hydrogen Supply Chains for Mobility—Environmental and Economic Assessment
Next Article in Special Issue
Socioeconomic Indicators to Monitor the EU’s Bioeconomy in Transition
Previous Article in Journal
Bridging Humanitarian Responses and Long-Term Development through Transformative Changes—Some Initial Reflections from the World Bank’s Adaptive Social Protection Program in the Sahel
Previous Article in Special Issue
Bridging the Gaps for a ‘Circular’ Bioeconomy: Selection Criteria, Bio-Based Value Chain and Stakeholder Mapping
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1698; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061698

Assessing the Contribution of Bioeconomy to the Total Economy: A Review of National Frameworks

1
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Roma RM, Italy
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, 212 Sackett Building, University Park, PA16802, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 April 2018 / Revised: 9 May 2018 / Accepted: 17 May 2018 / Published: 23 May 2018
  |  
PDF [377 KB, uploaded 23 May 2018]
  |  

Abstract

Developments in technology have enabled envisioning the derivation of materials and products from renewable biomass as an alternative to finite fossil-based resource consumption. Therefore, bioeconomy is regarded as an opportunity for sustainable economic growth. Countries are formulating strategies in accordance with their goals to attain a bioeconomy. Proper measurement, monitoring, and reporting of the outcomes of these strategies are crucial for long-term success. This study aims to critically evaluate the national methods used for the measurement, monitoring, and reporting of bioeconomy contribution to the total economy. For this purpose, research and surveys have been conducted on selected countries (Argentina, Germany, Malaysia, the Netherlands, South Africa, and the United States). The results reveal that the bioeconomy targets set up in the strategies often reflect the country’s priorities and comparative advantages. However, comprehensive approaches to measure and monitor bioeconomy progress are frequently lacking. Most countries only measure the contribution to gross domestic product (GDP), turnover, and employment of the sectors included in their bioeconomy definition, which may provide an incomplete picture. In addition, this study identifies the mismatch between the targets and measurement methods, as the environmental and social impacts of bioeconomy are often foreseen, but not measured. It is concluded that existing global efforts towards sustainable bioeconomy monitoring can be strengthened and leveraged to measure progress towards sustainable goals. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioeconomy; bio-based products; GDP; policy measures; sustainability assessment; sustainable development bioeconomy; bio-based products; GDP; policy measures; sustainability assessment; sustainable development
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed
Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bracco, S.; Calicioglu, O.; Gomez San Juan, M.; Flammini, A. Assessing the Contribution of Bioeconomy to the Total Economy: A Review of National Frameworks. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1698.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top