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A Review of the European Union Landing Obligation Focusing on Its Implications for Fisheries and the Environment

European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Unit D.02 Water and Marine Resources, Sustainable Resources Directorate, Via E. Fermi 2749, 21027 Ispra, Italy
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Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 900; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10040900
Received: 2 February 2018 / Revised: 10 March 2018 / Accepted: 18 March 2018 / Published: 21 March 2018
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Abstract

Discarding is a common practice in fisheries. Total discards are estimated to be about 30 million tons, representing around 23% of worldwide catches. Discarding is an undesirable practice, not only because of the waste of resources, but also because of its contribution to the overexploitation of fish stocks. Several countries have already established discard bans, to different extents (e.g., Norway, Iceland, Chile, New Zealand). The EU’s landing obligation (discard ban) is a major measure of the latest reform of the Common Fisheries Policy for EU fisheries. It aims to reduce unwanted catches in EU fisheries, by incentivizing improved selectivity and restoring fish stocks to levels that can sustain the maximum production over time without harming the biodiversity and the capacity of future generations to obtain fish. However, banning discards will inevitably induce diverse short- and long-term ecological, economic, and social impacts, which may determine whether the landing obligation’s objectives will be achieved. View Full-Text
Keywords: landing obligation; discards; discard ban; survival rate; MSY; undersized fish; minimum landing size; minimum conservation reference size; Common Fisheries Policy landing obligation; discards; discard ban; survival rate; MSY; undersized fish; minimum landing size; minimum conservation reference size; Common Fisheries Policy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Guillen, J.; Holmes, S.J.; Carvalho, N.; Casey, J.; Dörner, H.; Gibin, M.; Mannini, A.; Vasilakopoulos, P.; Zanzi, A. A Review of the European Union Landing Obligation Focusing on Its Implications for Fisheries and the Environment. Sustainability 2018, 10, 900.

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