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Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 1218;

Exceptional Drought and Unconventional Energy Production

Department of Agriculture Economics, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
Texas A&M AgriLife Research Center, El Paso, TX 79927, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 March 2018 / Revised: 9 April 2018 / Accepted: 10 April 2018 / Published: 17 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
PDF [12879 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]


The hydraulic fracturing boom in Texas required massive water flows. Beginning in the summer of 2011, water became scarce as a prolonged heat wave and subsequent severe drought spread across the state. Oil and gas producers working in drought areas needed to purchase expensive local water or transport water from a non-drought county far from the drill site. In response to decreased water availability in drought areas, these producers completed fewer wells and completed wells that used less water. This decrease in well-level water use had a measurable effect on the amount of oil and gas produced by wells completed during exceptional conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: water; hydrocarbon resources; government policy water; hydrocarbon resources; government policy

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Stevens, R.B.; Torell, G.L. Exceptional Drought and Unconventional Energy Production. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1218.

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