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Open AccessArticle

The Coexistence of Multiple Worldviews in Livestock Farming Drives Agroecological Transition. A Case Study in French Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) Cheese Mountain Areas

1
Agriculture Ministry, Reserach and teaching general direction, AgroParisTech, 9 avenue Blaise Pascal, 63171 Aubiere, France
2
Université Clermont Auvergne, INRA, VetAgro Sup, UMR Herbivores, F63122 Saint Genès Champanelle, France
3
AGIR, Université de Toulouse, INRA, F-31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France
4
Université Clermont Auvergne, INRA, VetAgro Sup, UMR Territoires, F63122 Saint Genès Champanelle, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 1097; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041097
Received: 27 February 2018 / Revised: 26 March 2018 / Accepted: 3 April 2018 / Published: 6 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mapping Agroecology in Europe. New Developments and Applications)
Livestock systems contribute significantly to environmental issues and need to undergo an agroecological transition. This transition is not only technical, but also involves an evolution of farmers’ ways of seeing and interpreting the world, i.e., worldviews. We investigate livestock farmers’ worldviews and their relationships with farming practices (grazing and mowing management) in three Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) cheese areas in the French mountains. The study is based on quantitative and comprehensive qualitative surveys in 37 farms. We identify entities typically considered by farmers and the kind of relations they have with these entities, as well as the ontological background, sources of knowledge, and worlds of justifications. Four ideal-typical worldviews emerge: Modern; Traditional; Ecological Intensive; Holist. These four worldviews coexist in each area and also at the farm scale. Three selected farmer monographs illustrate this complexity in detail. The four worldviews are consistent with other typologies in literature. Both Ecological Intensive and Holist worldviews can be considered as “agroecological”; however, they correspond to very different conceptions of agroecology. Different worldviews imply different sustainability indicators and pathways, as well as alternative knowledge-management systems. Finally, the coexistence of multiple worldviews is a key driver of the agroecological transition, which can be enhanced by facilitating confrontation and exchanges between worldviews. View Full-Text
Keywords: livestock farming system; worldview; agroecology; transformations; sustainability; dairy system; grazing system; foraging system livestock farming system; worldview; agroecology; transformations; sustainability; dairy system; grazing system; foraging system
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cayre, P.; Michaud, A.; Theau, J.-P.; Rigolot, C. The Coexistence of Multiple Worldviews in Livestock Farming Drives Agroecological Transition. A Case Study in French Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) Cheese Mountain Areas. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1097. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041097

AMA Style

Cayre P, Michaud A, Theau J-P, Rigolot C. The Coexistence of Multiple Worldviews in Livestock Farming Drives Agroecological Transition. A Case Study in French Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) Cheese Mountain Areas. Sustainability. 2018; 10(4):1097. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041097

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cayre, Patrice; Michaud, Audrey; Theau, Jean-Pierre; Rigolot, Cyrille. 2018. "The Coexistence of Multiple Worldviews in Livestock Farming Drives Agroecological Transition. A Case Study in French Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) Cheese Mountain Areas" Sustainability 10, no. 4: 1097. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041097

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