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Role of Law, Position of Actor and Linkage of Policy in China’s National Environmental Governance System, 1972–2016

by Rui Mu
Department of Public Administration and Law, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 1065; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041065
Received: 28 January 2018 / Revised: 21 March 2018 / Accepted: 30 March 2018 / Published: 3 April 2018
China is struggling between accelerating environmental protection and accelerating environmental damage. Although the central government is investing extensively in environmental laws and policies, China’s annual environmental goals have hardly been achieved. What is often poorly recognized by top decision-makers is that the environmental governance system is so complex that multiple elements, including laws, policy items, actors and issues, have become intentionally or emergently entangled. Without knowing the roles, positions and interconnections of the system elements, it is difficult for people to find the critical points for further improvements. Taking this challenge, this research conducts a retrospective analysis on the developmental trajectory of China’s environmental governance. The analysis helps us to pinpoint the role of law, the position of actor, and the linkage of policy that promote or prevent environmental protection; it can also question or reaffirm the effectiveness of the environmental laws and policies, and thereby aid China’s future prognosis and some recommendations. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental governance; environmental policy; complex system; policy network; China environmental governance; environmental policy; complex system; policy network; China
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Mu, R. Role of Law, Position of Actor and Linkage of Policy in China’s National Environmental Governance System, 1972–2016. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1065.

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