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Open AccessArticle

Migrants’ Role in Enhancing the Economic Development of Host Countries: Empirical Evidence from Europe

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East European Center for Research in Economics and Business, Department of Marketing and International Economic Relations, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, West University of Timisoara, 16 Pestalozzi Street, 300115 Timisoara, Romania
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Center for Banking and Financial Research, Department of Finance, Banking and Economic Analysis, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Craiova, 13 A I Cuza Street, 200585 Craiova, Romania
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Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Tourism Faculty, Adnan Menderes University, 5 Candan Tarhan Bulvari, 09400 Kusadasi Aydin, Turkey
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Research Group in Social and Economic Complexity, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Sociology and Psychology, West University of Timisoara, 4 Vasile Parvan Street, 300223 Timisoara, Romania
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 894; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030894
Received: 24 February 2018 / Revised: 13 March 2018 / Accepted: 14 March 2018 / Published: 20 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
This research examines several modellers of immigration flows deployed within the European Union (EU), as well as their economic consequences upon the most targeted ten migrant receiving countries. The paper’s aim is to identify specific ways in which migrants can contribute to host countries’ sustainable development through positive spillover upon natives, labour market performance, and the overall economic activity. A set of methods and macro-econometric models, based on country fixed effects, spatial analysis, and structural equations modelling, was applied on a balanced panel formed by ten EU host economies. We analysed distinctly the labour and humanitarian (asylum seekers) migration flows, considered throughout two separate time periods, namely 2000–2015 and 2000–2019 (2019 being the deadline for Brexit negotiations). The results highlight that the immigration flows were mainly shaped by labour market outcomes, while the primary positive immigration impact was induced upon the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and employment levels, both for natives and the foreign population. View Full-Text
Keywords: international migration; economic development; labour market; macro-econometric models; European Union international migration; economic development; labour market; macro-econometric models; European Union
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Noja, G.G.; Cristea, S.M.; Yüksel, A.; Pânzaru, C.; Drăcea, R.M. Migrants’ Role in Enhancing the Economic Development of Host Countries: Empirical Evidence from Europe. Sustainability 2018, 10, 894.

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