Next Article in Journal
Energy Use and Perceived Indoor Environment in a Swedish Multifamily Building before and after Major Renovation
Next Article in Special Issue
Identification of Population Growth and Distribution, Based on Urban Zone Functions
Previous Article in Journal
Sustainable Development of China’s Industrial Economy: An Empirical Study of the Period 2001–2011
Previous Article in Special Issue
Analyzing the Decoupling between Rural-to-Urban Migrants and Urban Land Expansion in Hubei Province, China
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 765; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030765

Impacts of Urbanization of Mountainous Areas on Resources and Environment: Based on Ecological Footprint Model

1,* and 2
1
School of Economic and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
2
Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, Ministry of Education, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 January 2018 / Revised: 3 March 2018 / Accepted: 4 March 2018 / Published: 11 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Land Uses and Rural Governance)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2483 KB, uploaded 11 March 2018]   |  

Abstract

The rapid urbanization has exerted tremendous pressure on natural systems in mountains. As a measure of sustainable use of natural resources, ecological footprint is an important basis for judging whether the development of a country or region is within the bio-capacity. Taking Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture as an example, this study comprehensively analyzes the impact of human activities on mountain resources and environment from the three aspects of urbanization, land use and ecological carrying capacity. The results show that Dali Prefecture with the urbanization rate of 33% is still in the accelerated stage of urbanization. The urban space presents the core-periphery feature, and the central city is the focus of human existence and living activities. The per capita ecological footprint is 1.14 ha higher than the ecological carrying capacity, meaning Dali Prefecture has an ecological deficit. This indicates that there is an uncoordinated state between urbanization and environment. Arable land is the main source of per capita ecological footprint in the prefecture. However, the urban expansion overly occupies the arable land in the plain sub-region, leading the arable land to an ecological deficit state. In the future, the development of the mountainous area should focus on the protection of arable land and choose a new sustainable path. View Full-Text
Keywords: mountainous areas; urbanization; ecological footprint; Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture mountainous areas; urbanization; ecological footprint; Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ding, Y.; Peng, J. Impacts of Urbanization of Mountainous Areas on Resources and Environment: Based on Ecological Footprint Model. Sustainability 2018, 10, 765.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top