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Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 503; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020503

The Problems of Tourist Sustainability in Cultural Cities: Socio-Political Perceptions and Interests Management

Department of Sociology and Communications Sciences, Group of Territorial Studies (GET), Sociology Faculty, University of Coruna, 15008 Coruna, Spain
Received: 1 December 2017 / Revised: 5 February 2018 / Accepted: 11 February 2018 / Published: 13 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Tourism)
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Abstract

The aim of this article is to analyse the social and political capacity of cities affected by cultural tourism. An investigation is carried out into the state of the situation in saturated destinations, the problems this poses to tourist sustainability and the positions of the various different interest groups. In Europe, many cultural cities-cum-tourist hotspots have reached such high levels of socio-political saturation that the resident population’s capacity for carrying tourism has become overstretched. This has led to a state of irritation among the local population. Social movements now include this on their agenda but the various different interest groups (residents, political groups, entrepreneurs, management bodies) all react differently. We present data relating to the case of Barcelona, with analyses of residents’ and tourists’ opinions, the actions of social mobilization carried out by pressure groups, media repercussion and the reactions of the business sector and political groups. We examine data collected from surveys and opinions carried in the media. The sustainability and management of interests indicate changes in both the number and the type of tourists, the occupation of public spaces, the distribution of profit among entrepreneurs, residents and the political and economic model of society in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: carrying capacity; anti-tourism; tourism-phobia; interest groups; sustainable planning; grounded theory carrying capacity; anti-tourism; tourism-phobia; interest groups; sustainable planning; grounded theory
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Alvarez-Sousa, A. The Problems of Tourist Sustainability in Cultural Cities: Socio-Political Perceptions and Interests Management. Sustainability 2018, 10, 503.

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