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Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 425; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020425

An Analysis of the Relationship between Land Use and Weekend Travel: Focusing on the Internal Capture of Trips

Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Interdisciplinary Program in Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
Received: 17 December 2017 / Revised: 30 January 2018 / Accepted: 3 February 2018 / Published: 6 February 2018
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Abstract

Weekend travel has not been duly considered in academics and practice regarding its relationship with land use. A lack of consideration is notable in terms of how land use internalizes weekend travel. Thus, by separating the internal and external travel of the traffic analysis zone, this study analyzes the land use effect on weekend travel in comparison with that on weekday travel. Two structural equation models, each of which is specified for weekday and weekend travel, construct the same sample and their results become comparable. At the travel variable level, the models find consistent results: Stronger effects are made on internal travel than on external travel and particularly, on trip frequency than on travel time. This implies that compact land use causes a stronger addition of internal trips and a less strong reduction of external trips, that is, changes in destinations rather than in total travel time. At the factor level, unlike the weekday model in which the sociodemographic factor exerts a stronger effect, the weekend model presents that land use more strongly affects travel patterns. This magnitude difference is explained by the different flexibility of compulsory weekday travel and discretionary weekend travel in relation to the choice of trip destination and frequency. View Full-Text
Keywords: weekend travel; land use; internal trips; traffic analysis zone; structural equation modeling; Seoul weekend travel; land use; internal trips; traffic analysis zone; structural equation modeling; Seoul
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Gim, T.-H.T. An Analysis of the Relationship between Land Use and Weekend Travel: Focusing on the Internal Capture of Trips. Sustainability 2018, 10, 425.

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