Next Article in Journal
Effects of Tree Root Density on Soil Total Porosity and Non-Capillary Porosity Using a Ground-Penetrating Tree Radar Unit in Shanghai, China
Previous Article in Journal
Sustainable Potentials and Risks Assess in Automation and Robotization Using the Life Cycle Management Index Tool—LY-MIT
Open AccessArticle

Is Southern Xinjiang Really Unsafe?

School of Management, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China
School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
The Center for Spatial Data Science, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60615, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(12), 4639;
Received: 27 November 2018 / Revised: 1 December 2018 / Accepted: 5 December 2018 / Published: 6 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
PDF [417 KB, uploaded 6 December 2018]
  |     |  


Destination image and safety not only affect tourist decision-making but also the sustainable development of tourist destinations. Some tourist destinations are too vulnerable to defend against emergency tourist crises, and tourists’ perceived safety can be severely biased, which is then deepened by media panic caused by the publication of excessive negative reports. This paper discusses the mechanism of perceived safety and perceived image on tourist behavioral intention, as well as the inter-group difference. Our study is based on a survey in Southern Xinjiang in which the respondents were divided into four groups. Four structural equation models were established with “perceived safety” and “perceived image” as independent variables, “destination trust” and “perceived value” as mediating variables, and “behavioral intention” as the dependent variable. The final results show that a paradox of safety perception exists in tourists’ perception of Southern Xinjiang. The perceived safety differs sharply between the tourists who have traveled to Southern Xinjiang and those who have not. The mechanism of perceived safety on tourist behavioral intention differs from that of the perceived image on tourist behavioral intention. Destination image still plays a key role in tourist traveling decision-making. The findings are of great significance for the restoration of cognitive bias, management, and marketing activities, and the sustainable development in Southern Xinjiang and similar destinations. View Full-Text
Keywords: Southern Xinjiang; perceived safety; perceived image; cognitive bias Southern Xinjiang; perceived safety; perceived image; cognitive bias

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, F.; Lin, X.; Li, S.; Niu, W. Is Southern Xinjiang Really Unsafe? Sustainability 2018, 10, 4639.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top