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Open AccessArticle

Assessing the Sustainability Performance of Coffee Farms in Vietnam: A Social Profit Inefficiency Approach

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Business Economics Group, Wageningen University & Research, PO Box 47, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Agrosystems Research, Wageningen University & Research, PO Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Farming Systems Ecology Group, Wageningen University & Research, PO Box 430 6700 AK, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Current address: Agri-Logic, Bennekomseweg 45 6866 DB, Heelsum, The Netherlands.
Sustainability 2018, 10(11), 4227; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114227
Received: 7 September 2018 / Revised: 20 October 2018 / Accepted: 13 November 2018 / Published: 16 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture)
If we aim to increase the sustainability of farming, we must be able to measure the sustainability of individual farms and relate this sustainability to the characteristics of the farm and its management. We hypothesized that (i) sustainability can be expressed using social profit, and (ii) socio-economic characteristics and management practices of farms explain differences in sustainability. The objective of our work was to provide empirical evidence for these hypotheses. Data was collected data over two years from 361 coffee farms in Vietnam to calculate social profit. We found that the average social profit of farms was 2300 USD. The main source of social profit inefficiency is the sub-optimal allocation of resources and levels of production. Statistical association between the set of socio-economic characteristics and management practices and social profit inefficiency shows that social profit inefficiency is increased (sustainability is decreased) by larger distances from the coffee farm to the closest town/city center and to the closest coffee factory/traders and by a high frequency of spraying. On the other hand, sustainability is increased when coffee producers belong to the ethnic group JoRai, when using more hired labor and frequency, and when there are a larger number of fertilizing and pruning activities. We conclude that social profit inefficiency can be used to summarize sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: social profit inefficiency; relative sustainability performance; externalities social profit inefficiency; relative sustainability performance; externalities
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gaitán-Cremaschi, D.; Van Evert, F.K.; Jansen, D.M.; Meuwissen, M.P.M.; Oude Lansink, A.G.J.M. Assessing the Sustainability Performance of Coffee Farms in Vietnam: A Social Profit Inefficiency Approach. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4227. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114227

AMA Style

Gaitán-Cremaschi D, Van Evert FK, Jansen DM, Meuwissen MPM, Oude Lansink AGJM. Assessing the Sustainability Performance of Coffee Farms in Vietnam: A Social Profit Inefficiency Approach. Sustainability. 2018; 10(11):4227. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114227

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gaitán-Cremaschi, Daniel; Van Evert, Frits K.; Jansen, Don M.; Meuwissen, Miranda P.M.; Oude Lansink, Alfons G.J.M. 2018. "Assessing the Sustainability Performance of Coffee Farms in Vietnam: A Social Profit Inefficiency Approach" Sustainability 10, no. 11: 4227. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114227

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