Next Article in Journal
Barriers to Knowledge Management in the Health Sector of Pakistan
Next Article in Special Issue
Decoupling and Driving Factors of Economic Growth and Groundwater Consumption in the Coastal Areas of the Yellow Sea and the Bohai Sea
Previous Article in Journal
How Long Do Return Migrants Stay in Their Home Counties? Trends and Causes
Previous Article in Special Issue
Resilient or Not: A Comparative Case Study of Ten Local Water Markets in China
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(11), 4154;

Fostering Cross-Sector Collaboration to Promote Innovation in the Water Sector

Department of Law, University of Macerata, Piaggia della Libertà, 2, 62100 Macerata, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 October 2018 / Revised: 2 November 2018 / Accepted: 9 November 2018 / Published: 12 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Water Management: Economics and Governance)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1418 KB, uploaded 12 November 2018]   |  


Ongoing global climate change, growing population and the intensification of economic activities, increase pressure on water resources, a situation many see as a water governance crisis. Water-related issues are becoming a limiting factor for sustainable economic growth and require a collaborative and interdisciplinary approach, to foster innovative solutions. This paper provides an evidence-based contribution to understanding Triple Helix Model (THM) relations and the path to innovation policy in the water sector. The analysis focuses on the interaction between university–industry–government, with specific reference to the Murcia region in Southeast Spain. This region combines a chronic shortage of water and a leading role for agriculture. Starting from the experience of a researcher, working for the General Water Council of the Murcia Region, this paper is based on both desk research and in-depth personal interviews with representatives of THM actors. In addition, a questionnaire was forwarded to all those companies in charge of providing water services in the Murcia region. The study has found that stakeholders are not fully cooperative in seeking innovation. The main challenges are the renewal of water-related facilities and the improvement of remote control systems, denitrification and desalination technologies and achieving better energy efficiency. To this aim, THM approach is suggested as a source of local innovation policies, identifying a series of tools to foster a collaborative approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: collaboration; innovation; Spain; sustainability; Triple Helix Model; water policy; water resources collaboration; innovation; Spain; sustainability; Triple Helix Model; water policy; water resources

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Compagnucci, L.; Spigarelli, F. Fostering Cross-Sector Collaboration to Promote Innovation in the Water Sector. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4154.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top