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Sustainability 2018, 10(10), 3667; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103667

Examining the Conflicting Relationship between U.S. National Parks and Host Communities: Understanding a Community’s Diverging Perspectives

1
Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
2
Department of Tourism Management, Shaanxi Normal University, No. 620, Chang’an Street, Chang’an, Xi’an 710119, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 August 2018 / Revised: 8 October 2018 / Accepted: 11 October 2018 / Published: 13 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainability of Culture and Heritage)
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Abstract

The growing importance of participatory and collaborative approaches in resource management has resulted in an increased emphasis on identifying the complex relationships between natural national parks and neighboring rural communities. Given the limited number of studies dealing with parks beyond rural areas, our exploratory case study examines how conflict stemming from diverse community stakeholders’ perspectives and values in regard to the San Antonio Missions National Historical Park influences their involvement and attitudes toward park management. Thirty-two interviews were conducted and analyzed using a content-analysis methodology. Guided by the Progress Triangle conflict management framework, each stakeholder’s views, interests, and aspirations associated with the missions were organized according to the framework’s three dimensions: Substance, procedure, and relationship. The study findings discussed how stakeholders’ varying perspectives regarding cultural resources influenced their interactions with urban historical national parks and their attitudes toward park management. Furthermore, how stakeholders can reconcile their differences through a collaborative approach for better park management was discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: park–community relationships; stakeholder perceptions; historical parks; collaboration park–community relationships; stakeholder perceptions; historical parks; collaboration
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Lee, J.H.; Matarrita-Cascante, D.; Xu, Y.; Schuett, M. Examining the Conflicting Relationship between U.S. National Parks and Host Communities: Understanding a Community’s Diverging Perspectives. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3667.

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