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Sustainability 2018, 10(10), 3623; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103623

Economic Recovery and Effectiveness of Active Labour Market Initiatives for the Unemployed in Spain: A Gender Perspective of the Valencian Region

Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics, Universitat Politècnica de València; Valencia 46022, Spain
Received: 17 September 2018 / Revised: 2 October 2018 / Accepted: 5 October 2018 / Published: 10 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
PDF [306 KB, uploaded 10 October 2018]

Abstract

Macroeconomic indicators regarding employment have been gradually improved by southern European countries during recent years. However, the labour market still seems to be highly polarized across regions and some groups are persistently excluded from jobs recovery. This paper analyses the effectiveness of active labour market initiatives in the Valencian region, one of the worst-affected areas regarding unemployment in Spain. By using a large official database from the Valencian government, results of the probit model show that participating on active labour market initiatives have a positive impact on the probability of exiting unemployment, even after controlling for age, level of education and gender of candidates. The research also reveals that people aged 55 and older and females constitute the most vulnerable groups. Regarding women, only those with higher education increase their probability of finding a job.
Keywords: sustainable employment; active labour market policies; gender gap; probit model sustainable employment; active labour market policies; gender gap; probit model
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Guijarro, F. Economic Recovery and Effectiveness of Active Labour Market Initiatives for the Unemployed in Spain: A Gender Perspective of the Valencian Region. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3623.

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