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Sustainability 2018, 10(10), 3592; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103592

Towards Efficient Resource Utilization Exploiting Collaboration between HPF and 5G Enabled Energy Management Controllers in Smart Homes

1
Department of Computer Science, COMSATS University Islamabad, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
2
College of Computing and Informatics, Saudi Electronic University, Riyadh 11564, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 August 2018 / Revised: 23 September 2018 / Accepted: 28 September 2018 / Published: 9 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 5G Mobile Services and Scenarios: Challenges and Solutions)
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Abstract

The influence of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) in power systems necessitates Smart Grid (SG) with monitoring and real-time control of electricity consumption. In SG, huge requests are generated from the smart homes in residential sector. Thus, researchers have proposed cloud based centralized and fog based semi-centralized computing systems for such requests. The cloud, unlike the fog system, has virtually infinite computing resources; however, in the cloud, system delay is the challenge for real-time applications. The prominent features of fog are; awareness of location, low latency, wired and wireless connectivity. In this paper, the impact of longer delay of cloud in SG applications is addressed. We proposed a cloud-fog based system for efficient processing of requests coming from the smart homes, their quick response and ultimately reduced cost. Each smart home is provided with a 5G based Home Energy Management Controller (HEMC). Then, the 5G-HEMC communicates with the High Performance Fog (HPF). The HPFs are capable of processing energy consumers’ huge requests. Virtual Machines (VMs) are installed on physical systems (HPFs) to entertain the requests using First Come First Service (FCFS) and Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) algorithms along with Optimized Response Time Policy (ORTP) for the selection of potential HPF for efficient processing of the requests with maximum resource utilization. It is analysed that size and number of virtual resources affect the performance of the computing system. In the proposed system model, micro grids are introduced in the vicinity of energy consumers for uninterrupted and cost optimized power supply. The impact of the number of VMs on the performance of HPFs is analysed with extensive simulations with three scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: cloud and fog computing; response time; requests service; smart grid; microgrid; virtual machine cloud and fog computing; response time; requests service; smart grid; microgrid; virtual machine
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Bakhsh, R.; Javaid, N.; Fatima, I.; Khan, M.I.; Almejalli, K.A. Towards Efficient Resource Utilization Exploiting Collaboration between HPF and 5G Enabled Energy Management Controllers in Smart Homes. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3592.

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