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Integration of Seawater Pumped-Storage in the Energy System of the Island of São Miguel (Azores)

1
ERA Chair (*Holder) ‘Net-Zero Energy Efficiency on City Districts, NZED’ Unit, Research Institute for Energy, University of Mons, Rue de l’Epargne, 56, 7000 Mons, Belgium
2
MIT|Portugal Program, Sustainable Energy Systems, Tagus Park, 2744-016 Porto Salvo, Portugal
3
IN+, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Instituto Superior Técnico, (UTL), 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(10), 3438; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103438
Received: 7 August 2018 / Revised: 25 September 2018 / Accepted: 26 September 2018 / Published: 27 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Sustainability and Applications)
This paper considers the case of São Miguel in the Azores archipelago as a typical example of an isolated island with high renewable energy potential, but low baseload levels, lack of energy storage facilities, and dependence on fossil fuels that incurs high import costs. Using the Integrated MARKAL-EFOM System (TIMES), a number of scenarios are examined in order to analyze and assess the potential benefits from the implementation of a seawater pumped-storage (SPS) system, in the absence or presence of electric drive vehicles (EDVs) under a grid-to-vehicle (G2V) approach. The results obtained show that the proposed solution increases the penetration of renewable energy in the system, thus reducing the dependence on fossil fuel imports and allowing, at the same time, for the deployment of EDVs as a promising environmentally friendly alternative to conventional vehicles with internal combustion engines. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric drive vehicles; energy storage; seawater pumped-storage; transportation electric drive vehicles; energy storage; seawater pumped-storage; transportation
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Ioakimidis, C.S.; Genikomsakis, K.N. Integration of Seawater Pumped-Storage in the Energy System of the Island of São Miguel (Azores). Sustainability 2018, 10, 3438.

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