Planning Modes for Major Transportation Infrastructure Projects (MTIPs): Comparing China and Germany
AbstractBecause major transportation infrastructure projects (MTIPs) have significant effects for a sustainable development, the planning modes used for these projects have been a popular topic among scholars and policy makers. However, detailed descriptions and comparisons of planning modes in different countries are still rare. Therefore, this paper first provides a simple analytical framework based on the elements of the planning goal, the planning process, the planning result and the evaluation criteria. Focusing on the hierarchic mode adopted in China, and the democratic participatory mode adopted in Germany, the governance practices used in MTIP planning are clearly shown. Furthermore, by using two airport cases, this paper compares the differences between China and Germany in the realms of preparation, review, coordination, final approval, and planning performance. The main conclusions are: (1) The analytical approach presented in this paper provides an appropriate standard for describing and comparing planning modes for MTIPs; (2) the planning modes in the two countries each have advantages and disadvantages, reflecting the trade-off between ex ante and ex post costs; (3) the comparison between China and Germany may be instructive for both of these countries and for other countries in terms of improving their planning performance in the future. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Zhou, T.; Tan, R.; Sedlin, T. Planning Modes for Major Transportation Infrastructure Projects (MTIPs): Comparing China and Germany. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3401.
Zhou T, Tan R, Sedlin T. Planning Modes for Major Transportation Infrastructure Projects (MTIPs): Comparing China and Germany. Sustainability. 2018; 10(10):3401.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhou, Tianxiao; Tan, Rong; Sedlin, Thomas. 2018. "Planning Modes for Major Transportation Infrastructure Projects (MTIPs): Comparing China and Germany." Sustainability 10, no. 10: 3401.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.