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Open AccessArticle

Regional Variations of Credits Obtained by LEED 2009 Certified Green Buildings—A Country Level Analysis

Department of Construction Management, Curtin University, Perth 6102, Australia
Australasian Joint Research Centre for Building Information Modelling, Curtin University, Perth 6102, Australia
School of Engineering and Technology, Central Queensland University, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia
Department of Construction Management and Real Estate, School of Economics and Management, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 20;
Received: 24 November 2017 / Revised: 8 December 2017 / Accepted: 20 December 2017 / Published: 29 December 2017
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is one of the most widely recognized green building rating systems. With more than 20% of the projects certified in non-United States (US) countries, LEED’s global impact has been increasing and it is critically important for developers and regulatory authorities to understand LEED’s performance at the country level to facilitate global implementation. This study therefore aims to investigate the credit achievement pattern of LEED 2009, which is one of the well-developed versions of LEED, by using 4021 certified projects in the US, China, Turkey, and Brazil. The results show that significant differences can be identified on most rating categories, including sustainable sites, water efficiency, energy and atmosphere, indoor environmental quality, and innovation in design. Using a post hoc analysis, country-specific credit allocation patterns are also identified to help developers to understand existing country-specific green building practices. In addition, it is also found that there is unbalanced achievement of regional priority credits. The study offers a useful reference and benchmark for international developers and contractors to understand the regional variations of LEED 2009 and for regulatory authorities, such as the U.S. Green Building Council, to improve the rating system, especially on designing regional priority credits. View Full-Text
Keywords: LEED; green building; regional variation; regional priority LEED; green building; regional variation; regional priority
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Wu, P.; Song, Y.; Wang, J.; Wang, X.; Zhao, X.; He, Q. Regional Variations of Credits Obtained by LEED 2009 Certified Green Buildings—A Country Level Analysis. Sustainability 2018, 10, 20.

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