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Assessment of Patient, Physician, Caregiver, and Healthcare Provider-Related Factors Influencing “Glycemic Happiness” of Persons with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Observational Survey

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Bharti Hospital, Karnal 132001, India
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Vijay Diabetes, Thyroid and Endocrine Clinic, Puducherry 600045, India
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Department of Endocrinology, KPC Medical College, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700001, India
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Talwalkar Diabetes Clinic, Mumbai 400001, India
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Department of Medical Affairs, Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Limited, Hyderabad 500016, India
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Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Limited, Mumbai 400001, India
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Clin. Pract. 2021, 11(4), 715-727; https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract11040087
Received: 4 August 2021 / Revised: 28 August 2021 / Accepted: 31 August 2021 / Published: 23 September 2021
A multicentric cross-sectional observational survey was conducted to understand the patient, physician, nurse, caregiver, and diabetes counselor/educator-related factors that define the “glycemic happiness” of persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Five sets of questionnaires based on a five-point Likert scale were used. A total of 167 persons with T2DM, 167 caregivers, and 34 each of physicians, nurses, and diabetes counselors/educators participated. For persons with T2DM, an adequate understanding of diabetes (mean score ± standard deviation: 4.2 ± 0.9), happiness and satisfaction with life (4.1 ± 0.8), flexibility (4.2 ± 0.8) and convenience (4.2 ± 0.7) of treatment, and confidence to handle hypo/hyperglycemic episodes (4.0 ± 0.9) were the factors positively associated with glycemic happiness. Caregivers’ factors included information from physicians on patient care (4.5 ± 0.6), constructive conversations with persons with T2DM (4.2 ± 0.8), helping them with regular glucose monitoring (4.2 ± 0.9), and caregivers’ life satisfaction (4.2 ± 0.8). Factors for physicians, nurses, and diabetes counselors/educators were belief in their ability to make a difference in the life of persons with T2DM (4.8 ± 0.4, 4.4 ± 0.5, and 4.5 ± 0.5), satisfaction from being able to help them (4.9 ± 0.3, 4.6 ± 0.5, and 4.6 ± 0.5), and professional satisfaction (4.9 ± 0.4, 4.4 ± 0.6, and 4.7 ± 0.4). Our survey identified the key factors pertaining to different stakeholders in diabetes care, which cumulatively define the glycemic happiness of persons with T2DM. View Full-Text
Keywords: glycemic happiness; survey; type 2 diabetes mellitus; patients; physicians; caregivers; nurses; diabetes counselors glycemic happiness; survey; type 2 diabetes mellitus; patients; physicians; caregivers; nurses; diabetes counselors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kalra, S.; Sagili, V.B.R.; Sanyal, D.; Talwalkar, P.G.; Polavarapu, N.K.; Gaurav, K.; Mane, A.; Pinto, C.S. Assessment of Patient, Physician, Caregiver, and Healthcare Provider-Related Factors Influencing “Glycemic Happiness” of Persons with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Observational Survey. Clin. Pract. 2021, 11, 715-727. https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract11040087

AMA Style

Kalra S, Sagili VBR, Sanyal D, Talwalkar PG, Polavarapu NK, Gaurav K, Mane A, Pinto CS. Assessment of Patient, Physician, Caregiver, and Healthcare Provider-Related Factors Influencing “Glycemic Happiness” of Persons with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Observational Survey. Clinics and Practice. 2021; 11(4):715-727. https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract11040087

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kalra, Sanjay, Vijaya B.R. Sagili, Debmalya Sanyal, Pradeep G. Talwalkar, Nareen K. Polavarapu, Kumar Gaurav, Amey Mane, and Colette S. Pinto 2021. "Assessment of Patient, Physician, Caregiver, and Healthcare Provider-Related Factors Influencing “Glycemic Happiness” of Persons with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: An Observational Survey" Clinics and Practice 11, no. 4: 715-727. https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract11040087

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