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Quality of Life among Pediatric Neurocognitive, Speech, and Psychomotor Rehabilitation Professionals during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study on an Italian Sample

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Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L’Aquila, Piazzale Salvatore Tommasi 1, 67100 Coppito, Italy
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SanStefar Abruzzo, Rehabilitation Center, Via Basilicata 12, 64026 Roseto Degli Abruzzi, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Clin. Pract. 2021, 11(4), 860-869; https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract11040101
Received: 26 August 2021 / Revised: 1 November 2021 / Accepted: 5 November 2021 / Published: 15 November 2021
Objective: The aim was to estimate the perceived quality of life and its relationship with sociodemographic and professional factors, perception of susceptibility to COVID-19, and stress. Design: It was a longitudinal study. Subjects: Professionals, working in Italian centers for pediatric neurocognitive, speech, and psychomotor rehabilitation. Methods: Participants were interviewed online twice during the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy. The questionnaire included: (i) The measures of health-related quality of life to perform the Summary Index of Unhealthy Days, (ii) modified items from the “Standard questionnaire on risk perception of an infectious disease outbreak” and (iii) the items of the General Health Questionnaire. Results: One hundred and thirty professionals out of 130 participated in the first interview, while only 50 therapists took part in the second interview (dropout rate: 61%). The Summary Index of Unhealthy Days was 8 days at the first interview, and it decreased to 6 days at the second interview; however, the reduction was not significant (F = 3.22; p = 0.079). The multivariable analysis showed that the rehabilitation providers with moderate or severe stress level were more likely to have a negative perception of the quality of life (ORadj = 7.155; 95% CI: 2.8–18.2), and this result was confirmed at the second interview. Conclusions: Our results showed that in a severe public health emergency, the mental health and quality of life of rehabilitation professionals must be a topic of focus to enhance psychological resilience, to prevent burnout and to reduce rehabilitation errors. View Full-Text
Keywords: children rehabilitation; COVID-19 outbreak; health related quality of life; occupational stress children rehabilitation; COVID-19 outbreak; health related quality of life; occupational stress
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cofini, V.; Bianchini, V.; Muselli, M.; Budroni, D.; Tobia, L.; Calò, G.L.; Fabiani, L.; Necozione, S. Quality of Life among Pediatric Neurocognitive, Speech, and Psychomotor Rehabilitation Professionals during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study on an Italian Sample. Clin. Pract. 2021, 11, 860-869. https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract11040101

AMA Style

Cofini V, Bianchini V, Muselli M, Budroni D, Tobia L, Calò GL, Fabiani L, Necozione S. Quality of Life among Pediatric Neurocognitive, Speech, and Psychomotor Rehabilitation Professionals during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study on an Italian Sample. Clinics and Practice. 2021; 11(4):860-869. https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract11040101

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cofini, Vincenza, Valeria Bianchini, Mario Muselli, Danila Budroni, Loreta Tobia, Giovanna L. Calò, Leila Fabiani, and Stefano Necozione. 2021. "Quality of Life among Pediatric Neurocognitive, Speech, and Psychomotor Rehabilitation Professionals during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study on an Italian Sample" Clinics and Practice 11, no. 4: 860-869. https://doi.org/10.3390/clinpract11040101

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