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Pediatric Chronic Migraine Severity and Maternal Stress

Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, 90128 Palermo, Italy
Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Physical and Preventive Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 81100 Caserta, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giovanni Biondi
Pediatr. Rep. 2021, 13(4), 576-582;
Received: 4 September 2021 / Revised: 1 October 2021 / Accepted: 12 October 2021 / Published: 15 October 2021
Primary headache is an increasing phenomenon in pediatric age, and very often, it causes disabling limitations in children’s daily activities, negatively affecting family well-being. There are conflicting data in the literature on the impact of children’s migraines on parental experienced stress. This study aimed to evaluate maternal stress in a sample of school-aged children with a migraine without aura (MwoA) and its correlation with migraine intensity and frequency. A total of 474 mothers aged between 31 and 55 participated in the study: 237 were mothers of children with MwoA, and 237 were mothers of typical developing children. All participants were administered the Parent Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF) for the assessment of parental stress; the Pediatric Migraine Disability Assessment (PedMIDAS) was administered to children with MwoA to assess the presence of a related disability migraine. The results showed a significantly higher rate of stress in mothers of MwoA children (p < 0.001) in all the domains explored by the PSI-SF and a statistically significant correlation between the maternal stress total score and the intensity and frequency of migraine attacks (p < 0.0001). This study highlights the need for the holistic contribution of the family to be considered in the clinical management of pediatric migraines. View Full-Text
Keywords: primary headache; maternal stress; migraine without aura; PedMIDAS primary headache; maternal stress; migraine without aura; PedMIDAS
MDPI and ACS Style

Smirni, D.; Carotenuto, M. Pediatric Chronic Migraine Severity and Maternal Stress. Pediatr. Rep. 2021, 13, 576-582.

AMA Style

Smirni D, Carotenuto M. Pediatric Chronic Migraine Severity and Maternal Stress. Pediatric Reports. 2021; 13(4):576-582.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Smirni, Daniela, and Marco Carotenuto. 2021. "Pediatric Chronic Migraine Severity and Maternal Stress" Pediatric Reports 13, no. 4: 576-582.

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