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Article

Childhood Obesity and Maternal Personality Traits: A New Point of View on Obesity Behavioural Aspects

1
Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Physical and Preventive Medicine, Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 81100 Caserta, Italy
2
Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, 90128 Palermo, Italy
3
Oasi Research Institute-IRCCS, 94018 Troina, Italy
4
Department of Woman, Child and of General and Specialized Surgery, Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 80100 Naples, Italy
5
Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
6
Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, “V. Tiberio” University of Molise, 86100 Campobasso, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equal contribution.
Academic Editor: Pietro Vajro
Pediatr. Rep. 2021, 13(3), 538-545; https://doi.org/10.3390/pediatric13030063
Received: 11 May 2021 / Revised: 13 August 2021 / Accepted: 14 August 2021 / Published: 1 September 2021
The epidemic spread of childhood obesity in Western society has interested many researchers, who agree in defining it as a multifactorial disease in which not only eating habits and sedentary lifestyle play a role, but also genetic predisposition. The aim of this study was to analyze the personality profile of a group of mothers of children with obesity and to compare this profile to that of a group of mothers of children without obesity. A total of 258 mothers participated in the study (126 mothers of children with obesity and 132 mothers of children without obesity). Weight and height were measured and the body mass index was calculated. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory second edition (MMPI-2), evaluating personality and psychological disorders, was used to evaluate the personality profile. The results suggested that mothers of children with obesity score higher than the mothers of children without obesity in all MMPI-2 subscales. In most of these subscales, the differences between the two groups of mothers were statistically significant and with a medium to high effect size. These data suggest a new perspective on childhood obesity, identifying it as a multifactorial pathology that requires a multimodal and multidisciplinary approach that also takes care of caregivers to ensure optimal therapeutic efficacy. View Full-Text
Keywords: personality assessment; paediatric obesity; maternal personality; MMPI-2 personality assessment; paediatric obesity; maternal personality; MMPI-2
MDPI and ACS Style

Precenzano, F.; Smirni, D.; Vetri, L.; Marzuillo, P.; Lanzara, V.; Bitetti, I.; Siciliano, M.; Miraglia del Giudice, E.; Esposito, M.; Santoro, N.; Carotenuto, M. Childhood Obesity and Maternal Personality Traits: A New Point of View on Obesity Behavioural Aspects. Pediatr. Rep. 2021, 13, 538-545. https://doi.org/10.3390/pediatric13030063

AMA Style

Precenzano F, Smirni D, Vetri L, Marzuillo P, Lanzara V, Bitetti I, Siciliano M, Miraglia del Giudice E, Esposito M, Santoro N, Carotenuto M. Childhood Obesity and Maternal Personality Traits: A New Point of View on Obesity Behavioural Aspects. Pediatric Reports. 2021; 13(3):538-545. https://doi.org/10.3390/pediatric13030063

Chicago/Turabian Style

Precenzano, Francesco, Daniela Smirni, Luigi Vetri, Pierluigi Marzuillo, Valentina Lanzara, Ilaria Bitetti, Margherita Siciliano, Emanuele Miraglia del Giudice, Maria Esposito, Nicola Santoro, and Marco Carotenuto. 2021. "Childhood Obesity and Maternal Personality Traits: A New Point of View on Obesity Behavioural Aspects" Pediatric Reports 13, no. 3: 538-545. https://doi.org/10.3390/pediatric13030063

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