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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

An Investigation on the Effect of Driver Style and Driving Events on Energy Demand of a PHEV

WMG, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2012, 5(1), 173-181;
Published: 30 March 2012
PDF [249 KB, uploaded 17 May 2018]


Environmental concerns, security of fuel supply and CO2 regulations are driving innovation in the automotive industry towards electric and hybrid electric vehicles. The fuel economy and emission performance of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) strongly depends on the energy management system (EMS). Prior knowledge of driving information could be used to enhance the performance of a HEV. However, how the necessary information can be obtained to use in EMS optimisation still remains a challenge. In this paper the effect of driver style and driving events like city and highway driving on plug in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) energy demand is studied. Using real world driving data from three drivers of very different driver style, a simulation has been exercised for a given route having city and highway driving. Driver style and driving events both affect vehicle energy demand. In both driving events considered, vehicle energy demand is different due to driver styles. The major part of city driving is reactive driving influenced by external factors and driver leading to variation in vehicle speed and hence energy demand. In free highway driving, the driver choice of cruise speed is the only factor affecting vehicle energy demand.
Keywords: energy consumption; power management; PHEV; vehicle performance; simulation energy consumption; power management; PHEV; vehicle performance; simulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Rajan, B.V.P.; McGordon, A.; Jennings, P.A. An Investigation on the Effect of Driver Style and Driving Events on Energy Demand of a PHEV. World Electr. Veh. J. 2012, 5, 173-181.

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