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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Safety in the battery design: the short circuit

arsenal research Österreichisches Forschungs-und Prüfzentrum Arsenal GmbH, Giefinggasse 2, A-1210 Vienna Austria
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World Electr. Veh. J. 2009, 3(4), 719-726; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj3040719
Published: 25 December 2009
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Abstract

The energy storage system is one of the key components of any electric vehicle powertrain. When lithium based energy storages are used it is important to investigate carefully the safety aspects, because the safety and cost were the main aspects which prevented the introduction of lithium ion in automotive application. This work describes the methods adopted in arsenal research for developing energy storage system for advanced electric power-train. The focus will be on lithium ion battery technology. The correct cell selection and its performance assessment could ensure the achievement of a performing and inexpensive energy storage system. But for ensuring the harmless of the energy storage system a safety concept and a consequent design should be also present. The present work shows the different requirements to take into account for the energy storage system design during the development of HEV and EV vehicles within arsenal research laboratories. Particular attention is given to the abuse conditions and their corresponding test methods during the development phase. The paper presents the safety concerns regarding the short circuit, its measurements method and the failure pathways. Results of short circuit abuse tests are analysed and indication regarding the design is given.
Keywords: Battery; Energy Storage; Lithium Battery; Safety; Short Circuit Battery; Energy Storage; Lithium Battery; Safety; Short Circuit
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Conte, F.V.; Gollob, P.; Lacher, H. Safety in the battery design: the short circuit. World Electr. Veh. J. 2009, 3, 719-726.

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