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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Comparative LCA of electric, hybrid, LPG and gasoline cars in Belgian context

Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
RDC-Environment, Avenue Eugène Plasky 157-8, B-1030 Brussels, Belgium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2009, 3(3), 469-476;
Published: 25 September 2009
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In this paper, an environmental comparison of electric, hybrid, LPG and gasoline passenger vehicles is performed through a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach. Thanks to a range-based modeling system, the variations of the weight, the fuel consumption and the emissions within the family car category are considered instead of the average values. Unlike in a classic LCA, the use phase of vehicles has been modeled to cover vehicles with both a short and long lifespan in such way that the number of times a vehicle needs to be produced to cover the comparison basis or functional unit is taken into account. According to the assumptions and the used impact calculation method, the greenhouse effect of the LPG hybrid and battery electric vehicles are respectively 20.27 %, 27.44 % and 78.27% lower than for the gasoline vehicles. The assessment of the impact on human health and the air acidification give the best environmental score to the battery electric vehicle. A sensitivity analysis has allowed the assessment of the correlation between the respiratory effects and the euro emission standards.
Keywords: LCA; BEV; HEV; LPG; Gasoline engine LCA; BEV; HEV; LPG; Gasoline engine
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Boureima, F.-S.; Messagie, M.; Matheys, J.; Wynen, V.; Sergeant, N.; Van Mierlo, J.; De Vos, M.; De Caevel, B. Comparative LCA of electric, hybrid, LPG and gasoline cars in Belgian context. World Electr. Veh. J. 2009, 3, 469-476.

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